Malachi, the last of the minor prophets. The name may be defined either "my messenger" or "messenger of Jehovah." 'Nothing is known of his person or history, and many interpreters, as Umbreit, Hengstenberg, and others, are of opinion that Malachi is not a proper name, but an official title; and some hold that Ezra was the writer of this book. From the contents of the prophecy it may be inferred that the prophet lived after Ze-chariah, since in his time the second temple was already built (iii. 10), and that he was contemporary with Nehemiah (446 B. C). The prophet reminds Israel of the kindness of God toward them in the past, and complains of the irreligiousness of the priests and the people. He then announces the coming of a messenger sent by the Lord to prepare the way for him, and the coming of the Lord himself to judgment, which will be condemnation of the wicked and a blessing on the good. The prophecy of Malachi occupies the last place in the canon of the Old Testament, and is referred to in several places of the New-Testament. Among the more important commentaries upon it are those of Hitzig, Ewald, Maurer, Umbreit, Pressel, and Reinke. The last, a Roman Catholic, has written the most complete work on this book, containing the Hebrew text and a translation, with a full critical, philological, and historical commentary (Giessen, 1856).