I. A Roman Senator And Consul

A Roman Senator And Consul, born in 163 B. C., died between 90 and 88. He studied eloquence, gained distinction in the army, and was elected curule aedile in 123, praetor urbanus in 120, consul in 115, censor in 109, and consul again in 107. During his first consulship he obtained a triumph for victories over the Ligurians and other Alpine tribes, and was made princeps senatus. He afterward accumulated great wealth by peculation and bribery, for which he escaped punishment by his eloquence and diligent discharge of duty. An embassy to Africa in 112, with Scaurus at its head, to secure justice to Adherbal from Jugurtha, having failed, war was declared by Rome, and Scaurus accompanied the army as legate of the consul Bestia. Jugurtha secured peace by bribing the leaders, which raised a great outcry at Rome; but Scaurus, though one of the most guilty, escaped by contriving to be appointed one of the quoesitores ordered to investigate the offence.

II. Son Of The Preceding

Son Of The Preceding, chiefly celebrated for his mercenary crimes. He was stepson to Sulla, whose proscriptions enabled him to add immensely to his wealth. In the third Mithri-datic war he served as quaestor under Pompey, and in Judea received a large bribe from Aris-tobulus for deciding in his favor against his brother Hyrcanus, but Pompey reversed his decision. Having made a predatory incursion into Arabia Petraea, he was bought off by Aretas, the king, for 300 talents. In 58 B. C. he was elected curule aedile, and expended all his wealth to celebrate the games, building a temporary theatre, decorated with 360 columns and 3,000 statues, and large enough to hold 80,000 persons. He was praetor in 56, and in 55 governed Sardinia, whose inhabitants he plundered to obtain the means for paying his debts and securing the consulship. For this he was brought to trial before a tribunal presided over by Cato; but though his guilt was undoubted, his defence by Cicero, Hortensius, and other advocates, and his own tears and appeals to the splendor of his aedileship, procured his acquittal. Some time later he was condemned for illegal efforts to obtain office.

His residence on the Palatine hill was celebrated for its magnificence. - His son Marcus AEmilius accompanied Sextus Pompey, his half brother, to Asia, and after the loss of his fleet betrayed him to the generals of Antony; and his grandson Mamercus, called by Seneca the last of the Scauri, a dissolute orator and poet, was in the reign of Tiberius accused of adultery with Livia, and committed suicide.