Marie De Rabutin-Chantal Sevigne, marquise de, a French epistolary writer, born in Paris, Feb. 6, 1626, died at Grignan, April 18, 1696. Left an orphan at the age of six, she was brought up by her maternal grandfather, and afterward by her uncle, the abbé de Coulanges, whom she used to style in her letters Bienbon. She received lessons and advice from Chapelain and Ménage, who taught her Latin, Spanish, and Italian. As soon as she appeared in society, she was greatly admired on account of her beauty, wit, and wealth. In 1644 she married the marquis Henri de Sévigné, a nobleman of Brittany and a relative of the Retz family, who in 1645 was appointed governor of Fougères. Owing to her husband's family relations, she was involved in the civil troubles of the Fronde, and became acquainted with the duchesses of Longueville and Chevreuse. Her husband was killed in a duel in 1651, and she devoted herself to the education of her son and daughter. Mme. de Sévigné received the homage of many distinguished personages, including the prince of Conti, Marshal Turenne, the count de Bussy (her cousin), and Fouquet. Her letters to her daughter, the marquise de Grignan, which are admired for their vivacity, delicacy, and wit, were not intended for publication, and they were not printed till 30 years after her death (1726). One of the most complete editions is by Regnier, included in Les grands écrivains de la France (14 vols., 1862-'6). A selection from the English editions has been edited by Mrs. S. J. Hale (12mo, New York, 1856). - See Walckenaer, Mémoires touchant la vie et les écrits de Mme. de Sévigné (5 vols. 12mo, Paris, 1842-'52), and "Madame de Sévigné, her Correspondence and Contemporaries," by Countess de Puliga (2 vols. 8vo, London, 1872).