Mars (a contraction of Havers or Mavors), the Roman god of war, whose name in the Sabine and Oscan tongues was Mamers, and who was early identified with the Greek Ares. Before this identification he seems to have been an agricultural rather than a warlike divinity. He was one of the three tutelary gods, to each of whom Numa was said to have appointed a flamen, and he enjoyed the highest honors after Jupiter. He was called Father Mars (Marsjnter), being regarded as the parent of the Romans from having begotten the founders of Rome by Rhea Silvia, a priestess of Vesta. He was distinguished as Gradivus, Silvanus, or Quirinus, in his relations respectively to war, agriculture, and the state. The rites of his worship, as the dances of the Salii in armor, had reference to war and victory. The principal temples dedicated to him at Rome were that on the Appian way outside of the Porta Capena, and that of Mars Ultor in the forum. - Ares (Mars 110078 ), son of Zeus (Jupiter) and Hera (Juno), was regarded by the Greeks not so much as the god of war, as of the tumult, horror, and carnage of battle. He is the impersonation of physical strength, delighting in the slaughter of men and the sack of towns. Though worshipped in all parts of Greece, no Greek city regarded him as its tutelary deity. According to the ancients, he was worshipped among the warlike tribes of Thrace and the barbarians of Scythia. He had a temple at Athens containing a statue of him by Alca-menes, and at Sparta there was a statue of him in chains, signifying that the martial spirit would never leave the city. Women were not allowed to participate in his worship.