Maule, a S. province of Chili, bounded N. by Talca, E. by the Andes, S. by Nuble and Concepcion, and W. by the Pacific; area, 6,424 sq. m., or according to a Chilian authority, about 8,100 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 211,-567 The surface to the east is roughened by numerous hills; to the west it is traversed from N. to S. by the coast mountains; and in the centre it is a magnificent champaign country, highly cultivated, and affording excellent pasturage for numerous cattle. The Maule, which rises in a lagoon near the base of the Descabezado peak, and forms the boundary line with Talca, is a considerable river, but is only navigable 30 m. for small vessels, on account of its numerous rapids and a bar at its mouth. Many irrigating canals branch from it, and Hour mills abound along its banks. The Itata and Perquilanquen separate the province respectively from Concepcion and Nuble. There are several smaller rivers and numerous mountain torrents. The climate is temperate. The hilly region is for the most part covered with forots. yielding among others a species of timber eminently adapted for ship building, being remarkably strong and durable; and many ships are built along the coast.

The principal productions are wheat, barley, maize, garden vegetables, etc., which, with good wines, cheese, and salt, are sent in large quantities to the neighboring provinces, but especially to Valparaiso, between which port and that of Constitucion an extensive coasting trade is carried on. Gold mining, which was active in the last century, has nearly ceased. There are many mineral springs. The province is divided into the departments of Cauquenes, Constitucion, Itata, Linares, and Parral. The capital is Cauquenes, and the ports are Constitucion (the largest) on the Maule, Curanipe, and Iluechupureo. A line of railway across the province, from Curico to Chilian, is in course of construction (1874).