Micah, one of the 12 minor prophets, who, according to the testimony of his book (i. 1), prophesied in the days of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah (about 759-698 B. C). He was a native of Moresheth of Gath. The prophecy of Micah consists of two parts, the first of which terminates with chapter v. It begins with a sublime theophany, the descent of the Lord to judge the nations of the earth, and then denounces the iniquities of the two Hebrew kingdoms, especially of the rulers and prophets, predicts the captivity of Israel, the fall of Judah, the destruction of Jerusalem, the expatriation of the Jews, their return, and the celebrity of the temple of Zion. Bloody wars are seen in the perspective, and after many calamities a ruler is seen to come forth from Bethlehem (v.). The second part consists of a discussion or controversy between the Lord and his people. The authenticity of the book is generally recognized; only the last two chapters have been ascribed by Ewald to a younger prophet. The style of Micah is sublime and vehement.
Among the principal critical writings on Micah are those of Caspari, Micha (Lev Moraschite und seine prophetische Schrtft (Christiania, 1851); llitzig, Kleine Proplteten (3d ed., 1863); and Ewald, Propheten (vol. i., 1867). - Micah, or Micaiah, was also the name of another prophet mentioned in the history of Ahab, king of Israel (1 Kings xxii. 8-28).