Moquis, a tribe of semi-civilized Indians in Arizona, between Ion. 110° and 111° W., and hit. 35 and 36 N., on the Little Colorado and San Juan rivers. They were among the tribes j visited in 1540 by Coronado, who apparently loft sheep and other domestic animals among them, which they preserved. The Franciscans in time established missions there, but on the neral rising in 1680 the Moquis killed or expelled the missionaries. The viceroy of Mexico in 1723 attempted to reduce the Moquis, but failed. In 1748, however, the Franciscan Juan M. Menehero converted a number of them, with whom he founded the pueblo of Gandia. Of late years they have been peaceable, and have suffered much from the attacks of the Apaches and Navajos. They form nine families or clans, the Deer, Sand, Water, Bear, Hare, Prairie Wolf, Rattlesnake, Tobacco, and Reed Grass dans, the hereditary chief being of the Deer clan. They are an exclusively agricultural people, raising grain, vegetables, fruit, and cotton. They have some donkeys, sheep, and goats.
They live in seven villages situated on bluffs from 200 to 500 ft. high, viz.: Taywah (Tegua), Sechomaive, Jualpi (Gualpi), Meshonganave, Shungopave (Xungopavi), and Oreybe. Their houses are. like those of New Mexico, built in terraced stories, cached by ladders, but inferior to them, though formerly much better than at present. They are of stone laid in mud; the rafters are of stout poles, with other poles crossing, covered with rushes; the floors are of earth. They knit, weave, and spin, making blankets and women's robes, which they trade with other tribes. When they first came within the jurisdiction of the United States hey were estimated at about 8,000. Intercourse was for a time cut off by hostile tribes, but in 1852 the Moquis sent curious symbolical presents to the president to open the way to their towns. They were almost destroyed by smallpox in 1855-'6, and no help having been given to advance their agriculture, they lost many by famine in 1866-'7. On both these occasions they abandoned their villages and scattered among the mountains or emigrated to their allies the Pueblos of New Mex-ico. Their population in 1872 was pretty accurately fixed at 1,663, showing a great decline. They use no intoxicating drink, and the women are virtuous.
The men wear blankets and legguu of dressed skins, the women a woven tunic and a shawl or blanket. Before marriage the latter wear their hair in two rolls like horns at the side of the head and after marriage in two rolls at the side of the face. The Moquis assimilate in many respects to the people of Zuni, New Mexico, their ancient allies.