Moritz Hartmann, a German poet of Jewish parentage, born at Duschnik, Bohemia, Oct. 15, 1821, died in Vienna, May 13, 1872. He studied in Prague and Vienna; but umbrage being taken at his liberalism, he left Austria, and published a volume of patriotic poems, Kelch and Schwert (Leipsic, 1844), which was followed in 1847 by Neuere Gedichte. In 1848 he was a prominent liberal member of the Frankfort parliament, and accompanied Froe-bel and Blum to Vienna, whence he escaped after the execution of Blum, and travelled extensively, spending a considerable time in the East during the Crimean war, and several years in Paris. In 1860 he delivered lectures on German literature and history in the academy of Geneva. In 1803 he removed to Stuttgart, and in 18G8 to Vienna. Among his best known novels are: Der Gefangene ton Chillon (1803); Die letzten Tage eines Konigs (1866), which has been translated into English; and Die Diamanten der Baronin (2 vols., 1868). Of his political writings the most notable is Reimchronik des Pfaffen Mauricius (1849), a satire on the Frankfort parliament, written in the manner of the old rhyming chronicles.

A complete edition of his works was published at Stuttgart in 10 vols. in 1874.