Moritz Carriere, a German philosopher, born at Griedel, March 5, 1817. He studied at Giessen, Gottingen, and Berlin, and perfected his knowledge of art in Italy. In 1842 he be-emie private teacher in the university, in 1849 professor at Giessen, and in 1853 at Munich, where he lectures chiefly on aesthetics at the university and on art history at the academy. He has written various works on philosophy, religion, poetry, and aesthetics, translated into German the letters of Abelard and Heloise, composed a poem on the last night of the Girondists, urged the conversion of the cathedral of Cologne into a free church, and developed his liberal ideas in an essay on Cromwell. He has also prepared annotated editions of Goethe's Faust and Schillers Wilhelm Tell; and during the Franco-German war he delivered lectures on Die sittliche Weltordnung in den Zeichen und Avfgaben unserer Zeit (Munich, 1870), and on Deutsche Geisteshelden im Elsass (1871). He is foremost among German thinkers who seek to reconcile Christianity with science, art, and history, and who are opposed to ultramon-tanism. His most celebrated work is Die Kunst im Zusammenhange der CulturentwicTce-lung und die Ideale der Menschheit (4 vols., Leipsic, 1863-71).