Moritz August Beniowsky, count, a Hungarian soldier and adventurer, born at Verbo in the county of Neutra, in 1741, died May 23, 1786. He was the son of an Austrian general, served as lieutenant in the seven years' war, and afterward studied navigation at Hamburg, Amsterdam, and Plymouth. Having joined the Poles in the war against Russia, he was taken prisoner and exiled to Kamtchatka in 1770. On his voyage thither he saved the vessel from destruction by storm, and this service, with his skill in chess, procured for him a kind reception from the governor of Kamtchatka, who appointed him instructor of his children in French and German. Having promised to colonize the southern extremity of Kamtchatka with his countrymen, he received in marriage the hand of Aphanasia, the governor's daughter, though he had another wife in Europe. With her assistance he made his escape in 1771, with a number of companions, first defeating a detachment of Russians and capturing a fortress with a large treasure. He first went to Formosa and then to Macao, where many of his company died, and among them Aphanasia. He then took passage for France, entered the army, obtained the command of a regimenl of infantry, and afterward received a commission to plant a colony in Madagascar, Where, having ingratiated himself with the natives. he. was made king of one of the tribes in 1776. In order to obtain assistance for his colony he returned to France, but was treated with so much severity by the French ministry that he went into the service of Austria, and was in the engage in. in between the Austrians and Prussians at Ilahelschwcrdt in 1778. In 1783 he organized an expedition for Madagascar, obtaining some of the funds which he needed from private individuals in London, but the larger part from a mercantile house of Baltimore. He set sail with his expedition in October, 1784. In Madagascar he provoked hostilities with the French, and finally lost his life in a fight with French troops, which were sent against him from the Isle of France. Translations of his autobiography, which was written in French, were published by Nicholson in England (2 vols., 1790), and by Forster and Ebeling in Germany. Kotzebue's play, "The Conspiracy of Kamtchatka," and an opera of Boieldieu, were founded upon the events of his life.