Muhlheum-On-The-Ruhr, a town of Rhenish Prussia, 35 m. N. of Cologne; pop. in 1871, 14.267. It has a Catholic and a Protestant church, a Reahchule, and a school of weaving. There are important manufactories of woollen and linen cloth, of paper, tobacco, soap, and starch, and a large cotton mill. Many vessels are built here for the navigation of the Rhine and the Ruhr, which here becomes navigable and is crossed by a chain bridge. An important trade is carried on in coal, large quantities of which are shipped to Holland, and in building materials.


See Mohammed.


Mujneet, the commercial name for the root of an East India plant, rubia rnunjista, or according to some of R. cordifolia, used for the same purposes as madder. The roots are of similar appearance to those of madder, but are thinner and much longer, and are found in commerce in bundles 2 or 3 ft. long, and as thick as one's wrist. The coloring principle appears to be alizarine, and, as in madder, this is convertible into garancine, for which purpose the roots are used in Europe. Munjeet dyes a very bright scarlet.


See Negro.


See Ass.

Mule Deer

See Deer.

Mulgrave Or Mille (Islands)

Mulgrave Or Mille (Islands), a group in the southern part of the Radack chain, which forms the eastern part of the Marshall or Mulgrave archipelago in the N. Pacific ocean. Their extent is not very well determined, but the surrounding reefs have been examined for about 40 m., and only one pass for ships and another for boats could be found. Some of the islands are mere coral rocks submerged at high tide, but nearly all have deep water close to the reefs. "When they reach the level of the water they become, like the islands already formed, covered with sand and vegetation. Some of them are of considerable size, and have clumps of cocoanut and breadfruit trees.


See Mühlhausen.


Mull, an island of the Hebrides, forming part of Argyleshire, Scotland, in the Atlantic ocean, and separated from the mainland by a narrow strait called the sound of Mull; area (including that of the surrounding islets), 301 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 5,947. The coast is rocky, and deeply indented. The surface is mountainous, Benmore, its highest summit, attaining an altitude of 3,168 ft. The most remarkable natural objects are the caverns and basaltic columns and arches around its shores. The soil is chiefly devoted to pasturage. Herring and white fish are caught off the coasts. Mull contains several villages. Tobermory, near the N. E. extremity, is the most important.

Muller. Wilhelm

Muller. Wilhelm, a German poet, born in Dessau, Oct. 7. 1794, died there, Oct. 1, 1827. studied at the university of Berlin, and after serving in the war of liberation (1813-14) he returned to Berlin, and applied himself especially to the ancient German language and literature. From 1817 to 1819 be travelled in southern Germany and Italy, and on returning was a;ppointed classical instructor in the new normal school of Dessau. His works include Blumerdese aus den Minnesängem (1816); a translation of Marlowe's "Faustus" (1818); and Lieder Griechen (1821-4). His translation of patriotic Greek songs for Fauriel's collection (2 vols.. 1825), and his Lyrische Spaziergdnge (1827), are his best productions. His Vermischte Schriften were published by S. Schwab with a biography (5 vols., Leipsic, 1830). His Gedichte (2 vols.. 1837) had several editions, and his Ausgewählte Gediclite appeared in 1864. He was the father of Max Müller. (See Müllek, Feiedrich Max).