Originally A Species O Macaronic Poetry, f verse in which words of a modern language furnished with Latin terminations were intermingled; afterward, in general, any verses exhibiting a medley of languages. The invention of macaronics is usually attributed to Teofilo Folengo, called Merlino Coccajo (1491-1544), a learned and witty Benedictine, and friend and contemporary of Sannazzaro. They existed before him, but he first gave to them poetic excellence. His principal poem, entitled Phan-tasiae Macaroniae, a burlesque mixture of Latin, Italian, Tuscan, and plebeian words and forms, satirically narrates the adventures of its hero until he finally arrives in hell. In his Apolo-getica to the work he describes the new species of poetry, deriving the name from macaroni, because, like that melange of paste, butter, cheese, and spice, it should be coarse and popular. The oldest German macaronic poem is the Floia, Cortum versicale de Flois swarti-bus, illis Deiriculis, quae omnes fere Minschos, Mannos, Weibras, Jungfras, etc., behuppere et spitzibus suis schnaflis steckere et bittere so-lent, Autore Gripholdo Knicknackio ex Flolan-dia, which since 1593 has been often reprinted.

Another German macaronic is entitled De Lu-sitate Studentica. Moliere gives examples of French macaronic verses in Le malade imagi-naire; and Rabelais, who often mentions Merlin the cook (Coccaie), employed this style in French prose. It prevailed in England as early as the reign of Henry II., and specimens exist from Walter de Mapes to John Skelton. Many pieces of macaronic poetry have been published during the last few years both in England and the United States. - See "Macaronic Poetry," collected with an introduction by J. A. Morgan (New York, 1872).