Pedro Caro Y Sureda Romana, marquis de la, a Spanish soldier, born in Palma, island of Majorca, in 1761, died in Cartaxo, Portugal, in 1811. He entered the naval service, and in 1782 participated in the siege of Gibraltar by the united forces of France and Spain. When the war broke out between these two powers, he joined the army. In 1800 he was appointed captain general of Catalonia, and then a member of the supreme council of war. When Napoleon forced the Spanish government to place an army at his disposal, these troops, 15,000 in number, were intrusted to the command of La Romana, and sent in 1807 to Pomerania; but the general, hearing of the conduct of Napoleon toward both Charles IV. and Ferdinand, determined to leave at once the service of the conqueror. He communicated with the commander of the English fleet cruising at the entrance of the Baltic, and, availing himself of the troops being then in the island of Fünen, succeeded in embarking them on board some English men-of-war, Aug. 17-20, 1808, and landed them safely at Corun-na. He was subsequently prominent in organizing the bands of guerillas which proved so terrible to the French. He left a diary, which was published with some of his letters in the supplementary collection of the French Mé-moirea relatifs à la revolution française (8vo, Paris, 1825).