Alexander Garden, a British physician and naturalist, born in Scotland in 1728, died in London in 1792. He studied philosophy in the university of Aberdeen, and medicine under Dr. John Gregory, and emigrated to South Carolina near the middle of the century. He acquired a fortune by the practice of medicine in Charleston, and a high reputation by his studies in botany and other sciences. In 1754 he declined a professorship in the college recently established in New York city. He was a correspondent of Linnaeus, who gave the name of Gardenia to one of the most beautiful and fragrant of flowering shrubs. He published accounts of the pink root (spigelia Marilandica), of the helesia, of the cochineal insect, of the mud iguana, or siren of South Carolina, an amphibious animal, of two new species of tortoises, and of the gymnotus electricus.

Alexander Garden, an officer of the American revolution, in Lee's famous legion, born in Charleston, S. C, Dec. 4, 1757, died there in 1829. He was for a time aide-de-camp to Gen. Greene. He wrote "Anecdotes of the Revolutionary War in America, with Sketches of Character of Persons the most distinguished in the Southern States for Civil and Military. Services" (1st series, Charleston, 1822; 2d series, 1828), which is one of the authorities for the history of the period. It was republished in 2 vols. 4to, Brooklyn, 1865.