Genesee. I. A W. county of New York, drained by Tonawanda creek; area, about 48G sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 21,562. The surface is almost level, and the soil, consisting chiefly of a very sandy loam, is well suited both to grain and pasturage. Salt springs exist in several places, and iron, limestone, and water cement are obtained. The county is traversed by the New York Central railroad, the Batavia and Attica branch, the Canandaigua, Batavia, and Tonawanda branch, and the Erie railway. The chief productions in 1870 were 722,374 bushels of wheat, 428,710 of Indian corn, 509,090 of oats, 380,400 of barley, 21,447 of buckwheat, 275,717 of potatoes, 42,891 of peas and beans, 883,721 lbs. of butter, 401,337 of wool, 143,208 of hops, and 60,144 tons of hay. There were 10,411 horses, 10,485 milch cows, 7,796 other cattle, 73,884 sheep, and 8,496 swine; 5 manufactories of agricultural implements, 3 of brooms, 30 of carriages and wagons, 3 of cheese, 9 of clothing, 18 of barrels and casks, 1 of malt, 14 of saddlery and harness, 8 of tin, copper, and sheet-iron ware, 13 flour mills, 1 planing mill, 9 saw mills, 4 tanneries, and 3 currying establishments.
II. A S. E. county of the S. peninsula of Michigan, drained by Flint and Shiawassee rivers; area, 500 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 33,900. It is intersected by the Flint and Pere Marquette, the Detroit and Milwaukee, and the Port Huron and Lake Michigan railroads. Its surface is undulating, covered with extensive oak openings in the S. part, and densely wooded with pine and other timber in the N. The chief productions in 1870 were 553,133 bushels of wheat, 326,637 of Indian corn, 410,501 of oats, 288,829 of potatoes, 910,876 lbs. of butter, 375,877 of wool, and 48,041 tons of hay. There were 7,486 horses, 8,850 milch cows, 11,300 other cattle, 79,306 sheep, and 9,818 swine; 12 manufactories of agricultural implements, 4 of boots and shoes, 8 of bricks, 31 of carriages, 9 of barrels and casks, 18 of furniture, 12 of iron castings, 18 of saddlery and harness, 8 of sashes, doors, and blinds, 11 of tin, copper, and sheet iron, 3 of woollen goods, 18 flour mills, 5 breweries, 3 planing mills, and 50 saw mills.