Ludwig August Frankl, a German poet of Jewish parentage, born at Chrast, Bohemia, Feb. 3, 1810. He received a diploma as physician in Italy in 1837, but devoted himself to poetry and journalism, was secretary and archivist of the Hebrew community in Vienna, and became in 1851 professor of aesthetics. In 1856 he founded a school in Jerusalem, and described the condition of the Jews in the East in Nach Jerusalem (Leipsic, 1858) and Aus Aegypten (Vienna, 1860), having sketched that of his Viennese co-religionists in a previous work, Zur Geschichte der Juden in Wien (2 vols., 1847-53). Of his little poem Die Uni-versitat, 500,000 copies were sold in Austria in 1848, owing to its being the first publication issued after the abolition of the censorship. His anonymous Magyarenkonig made him popular among the Hungarians, the work having been publicly destroyed by the Austrian authorities in Pesth (1850). His Ahnenbilder (2d ed., Leipsic, 1864), and his Libanon (4th ed., Vienna, 1867), include poems suggested by his travels in the East. His Helden und Liederbuch (2d ed., Prague, 1863) contains his shorter pieces.

His finest productions are his epic poems, Cris-toforo Colombo (Stuttgart, 1836), Don Juan d'Austria (Leipsic, 1846), and Der Primator (3d ed., 1864). He has also translated several of Moore's and Byron's poems and Servian ballads, the latter under the title of Gusle.