Election of Pope vested in College of Cardinals by Nicholas II. ..1059

Norman Conquest of England begins..........................1066

Battle of Hastings ; defeat of Harold by William the Conqueror.. 1066

Normans capture Bari and end the Byzantine rule...............1071

Conquest of Asia Minor by Turks........................1074-1084

Turks take Jerusalem........................................1076

Henry IV of Germany at Council of Worms deposes the Pope, and the Pope in Council at Rome deposes Henry and absolves his subjects from allegiance to him......................1076-1080

Events Date A. D.

Emperor Henry of Germany besieges and Captures Rome........1084

English Domesday Book completed............................ 1086

Sejukian Empire ends with death of Sultan Melsk Shaw.........1092

Knights Hospitallers founded about............................1092

Preaching of Peter the Hermit; first crusade proclaimed.........1095

Cistercian Order founded......................................1098

Jerusalem captured by Crusaders under Godfrey de Bouillon, who was proclaimed king........................................1099

England conquers Normandy.................................1106

Order of Knights Templar founded............................1118

Ninth General Council at Rome...............................1123

Civil War in England between adherents of Stephen and Maud. .1138

Portugal made a kingdom.....................................1139

Tenth General Council at Rome...............................1139

Frederic Barbarossa invades Italy............................1154

Barbarossa is crowned Emperor at Rome by the Pope...........1155

Bank of Venice instituted................. ...................1157

Munich founded by Henry the Lion............................1157

Peace ratified between England and France...................1161

Henry II invade3 Ireland and is acknowledged King.............1171

Conquest of Ireland completed...............................1178

Eleventh General Council at Rome.............................1179

Jews Banished from France...................................1182

Second Bulgarian Kingdom founded............................1186

Infidels under Saladin recapture Jerusalem from the Christians... 1187

The Order of Teutonic Knights founded.........................1190

War between England and France.............................1202

Inquisition founded by Pope Innocent III......................1203

Invasion of China by Jenghiz Kahn............................1210

The Children's Crusade.......................................1212

Twelfth General Council at Rome..............................1215

Invasion of Russia and sack of Moscow by Tartars..............1236

Moorish Kingdom of Grenada founded.........................1239

Thirteenth General Council and Emperor Frederick deposed, at

Lyons.....................................................1245

University College, Oxford, England, founded..................1249

English Laws introduced into Wales.............................1252

Constantinople Captured by Palseologue ; Latin Empire ends----- 1261

Fourteenth General Council; temporary re-union of Greek and

Latin Churches, at Lyons...................................1274

Events Date, A. D.

Conquest of China by Moguls completed........................1280

Conquest of Prussia by Teutonic knights completed..............1283

Jews expelled from England by Edward I......................1290

Final loss cf Palestine by Christians...............................1291

English Parliament organized.................................1295

Great Charter in England confirmed by Edward I...............1297

Title of "Prince of Wales" first conferred on eldest son of English king. First conferred by Edward I......................1301

Philip of France condemns inquisition..........................1302

Fifteenth General Council, at Vienna .........................1312

Thirteen years' truce between England and Scotland proclaimed. 1323 Necessity of Pope's consent to Imperial elections denied by Diet at

Frankfort................................................1323

Cannon first used by Florentines...............................132G

Scottish Independence acknowledged by England................1328

Ottoman Empire established...................................1329

Scotland invaded by the English..........................,___1332

Plague of locusts in Europe for three years.....................1337

First passage of Turks into Europe.............................1341

First English gold coinage (florin)............................1344

Parliament of Paris organized by Philip VI........ ............1344

Canary Islands discovered by Genoese and Spanish seamen.......1345

Servian Empire established.................................1345

Massacre of Jews on suspicion of poisoning the wells............1349

"The Black Death" prevails in Europe....................1348-1351

Dauphiny united to France.......... .........................1349

Turks established in Europe.................... ..............1353

Coast of Guinea discovered by French seamen...................1364

Myng dynasty founded in China..............................1368

Halley's Comet appeared....................................1378

Conquest of Asia Minor completed by the Turks.................1391

Sixteenth General Council, Huss condemned to be burnt, at

Constance.................................................. 414

Eighteenth General Council, at Basle.......................... 1431

The Azores taken by the Portuguese...........................1432