The Merovingians

Clovis, " The Hairy," King of the Salic Franks.................428

Childeric III., last of the race...................................... 737

The Carlvovingians

Repin, " The Short," son of Charles Martel................... 752

Charlemagne, The Great Emperor of the West.................. 768

Louis V., " The Indolent," the last of the race.................. 986

The Capets

Hugh Capet, " The Great"................................... 987

Louis IX., "St. Louis"......................................1226

Charles IV., "The Handsome ".................................1322

The House of Bourbon

Henry IV., "The Great," King of Navarre.....................1580

Louis XIII, "The Just"....................................1610

Louis XIV., "The Great," Dieudonni..........................1643

Louis XV., "The Well-beloved"..............................1715

Louis XVI. (guillotined January 21, 1793)......................1774

Louis XVII. (never reigned)...................................1793

The House of Valois

Philip VT. de Valois, " The Fortunate "........................1328

Henry III., last of the race...................................1574

The First Republic

The National Convention First Sat...............September 21, 1792

The Directory Nominated........................November 1, 1795

The Consulate

Bonaparte, Cauibace'res, and Lebrun..............December 24, 1799

Bonaparte, Consul for 10 years.........................May 6, 1802

Bonaparte, Consul for life...........................August 2, 1802

The Empire

Napoleon I. decreed Emperor..........................May 18, 1804

Napoleon II. (never reigned) died......................July 22, 1832

The Restoration

Louis XVIII. re-entered Paris................................May 3, 1814

Charles X., deposed July 30, 1830, died..............November 6, 1836

Heir-expectant, Henry, Comte de Chambord. September 29, 1820-24

The House of Orleans

Louis Philippe, King of the French...........................1830

(Abdicated February 24, 1848, died August 26, 1850.) Heir-expectant, Comte de Paris, born................August 19, 1848

The Second Republic

Provisional Government formed.................. February 22, 1848

Louis Napoleon elected President.................December 19, 1848

The Second Empire

Napoleon III. elected Emperor...................November 22, 1852

(Deposed, September 4, 1870, died January 9, 1873.)

Third Republic

Committee of Public Defense..........................September 4, 1870

L, A. Thier3, elected President......................August 31, 1871

Marshal MacMahon, elected President....................May 24, 1873

Jules Grevy elected President......................January 30, 1879

M. F. S. Carnot elected President....................December 3, 1887

Highest Tower in the World

The highest tower is Eiffel Tower, at Paris, France. The iron tower, of which engineer Eiffel was the designer, is erected on the banks of the Seine River, opposite the Trocadero Palace, as a feature of the Paris Exposition of 1889. This piece of work is extraordinary, not only on account of its height (300 metres, or 984 feet) which is nearly twice the height of the Washington Monument, formerly considered the highest artificial structure in the world, but because also it is entirely of iron. It is in the form of an open framework or latticework, standing on four great "legs" or columns, each placed at the angle of a square whose sides are 375 feet long. At a point 480 feet above the ground the legs meet at a landing and from this elevation up, tapers. The total weight of the tower is about 15,400,000 pounds, or 6,875 tons, and it cost $1,000,000.