The new navy of the United States received its first start in 1881, when, under the direction of Secretary W. H. Hunt, the first Advisory Board was appointed to report upon the pressing need of appropriate vessels to replace the old wooden vessels, many of which were unfit for repair. The Advisory Board, consisting of fifteen naval officers, and with Rear-admiral John Rogers as president met early in June, and in November it made a report recommending the building of thirty-eight unarmored steel cruising vessels. Of those, two were to be of 5,873 tons displacement, six of 4,560, ten of 3,013 tons, and twenty of 793 tons. But it was not until March 3, 1883, that Congress made an appropriation to build four vessels as recommended by the Naval Advisory Board in its report, December 20, 1882. A contract was made with John Roach and Sons to build these four vessels - the Chicago, the Atlanta, the Boston, and the Dolphin. In the building of these vessels there was an impetus given to the iron and steel industries throughout the land which promises steady employment to hundreds of thousands of men. The gun trials, the speed, and all that pertains to the construction and behavior of these four modern ships proves the wisdom maintaining the Navy in a state of usefulness and dignity.

The next legislation which provided for the construction of modern steel ships was on March 3, 1885, the last day of President Arthur's Administration. Other appropriations have since been made and when the vessels provided for have been finished, the Navy will have twenty-nine new steel unarmored and armored cruising vessels. The following is a list of the new Navy, their type, displacement, armament horse-power and cost:

The Chicago - a cruiser of 4,500 tons displacement; 5,084 horse-power; armament consists of four 8-inch B. L. R., eight 6-inch B. L. R., two 5-inch B. L. R., two 6-pdr. R. F., two 1-pdr. R. F., four 47-mm. R. C, two 37-mm. R. C. and two Gatlings ; speed, 16 knots per hour; cost $889,000 ; is in commission.

The Boston - a cruiser of 3,189 tons displacement; 3,780 horse-power; armament consists of two 8-inch B. L. R., six 6-inch B. L. R., two 6-pdr. R. F., two 3-pdr. R. F., two 1-pdr. R. F., two 47-mm. R. C, two 37-mm. R. C. and two Gatlings ; speed, 14 knots an hour ; cost $619,-000 ; is in commission.

The Atlanta - a cruiser of 3,189 tons displacement; 3,356 horse-power, armament (same as Boston); speed, 14 knots per hour; cost $617,000; is in commission.

The Dolphin - a dispatch-boat of 1,485 tons displacement; 2,240 horse-power ; armament consists of one 6-inch B. L. R., four 47-mm. R. C, two 6-pdr. R. F., two Gatlings ; speed, 15 knots per hour ; cost $315,000 ; is in commission.

The Charleston - a cruiser of 3,730 tons displacement; 6,606 horsepower; armament consists of two 8-inch B. L. R., six 6-inch B. L. R., four 6-pdr. R. F., two 3-pdr. R. F., two 1-pdr. R. F., four 37-mm. R. C, two Gatlings; speed, 19 knots per hour; cost, $1,017,000; is in commission.

The Baltimore - a cruiser of 4,413 tons displacement; 10,300 horsepower; armament consists of four 8-inch B. L. R., six 6-inch B. L. R.r four 6-pdr. R. F., two 3-pdr. R. F., two l-pdr. R. F., four 37-mm. R. C. and two Gatlings; speed, 19 knots per hour; cost, $1,325,000; is in commission.

The Yorktown - a gunboat of 1,700 tons displacement; 3,400 horsepower; armament consists of six 6-inch B. L. R„ two 6-pdr. R. P., two 3-pdr. R. F., one l-pdr. R. F., two 37 mm. R. C. and two Gatlings; speed, 17 knots per hour; cost, $490,000; is in commission.

The Petrel - a gunboat of 870 tons displacement; 1,100 horse-power: armament consists of four 6-inch B. L. R., two 3-pdr. R. F., one l-pdr. R. F., two 37 mm. R. C, and two Gatlings; speed, 14 knots per hour; cost, $247,000; is in commission.

The Vesuvius - a dynamite vessel of 970 tons displacement; 3,200 horse-power; armament consists of three 15-inch dynamite guns, two 3-pdr. R. F., one l-pdr. R. F., two 37-mm. R. 0., two Gatlings; speed, 21 knots per hour; cost, $350,000; is ready for service.

The Cushing - a torpedo vessel of 99 tons displacement; 1,600 horsepower; armament consists of eight automobile torpedoes; two 6-pdr. R. F., speed, 23 knots per hour; cost, $82,750; is ready for service.

The Newark - a cruiser of 4,0S3 tons displacement; 8,500 (estimated) horse-power; armament consists of twelve 6-inch B. L. R., four 6-pdr. R. F., four 3-pdr. R. F., two l-pdr. R. F., three 3-mm. R. C. and four Gatlings; speed, 20 knots per hour; cost, $1,248,000; nearly completed at Philadelphia.

The Philadelphia - a cruiser of 4,300 tons displacement; 10,500 (estimated) horse-power; armament (same as Newark); speed, 20 knots per hour; cost $1,350,000 ; was launched at Philadelphia, September 7, 1889.

The San Francisco - a cruiser of 4,083 tons displacement; 9,000 (estimated) horse-power; armament (same as Newark); speed, ] 9 knots per hour; cost $1,428,000; was launched at San Francisco, October 26, 1889.

The Concord - a gunboat of 1,700 tons displacement; 3,400 horsepower; armament (same as Yorktown); speed, 20 knots per hour; cost .$490,000 ; is nearly completed at New York.

The Bennington - a gunboat, same displacement, horse-power, armament as the Concord; speed, 20 knots per hour.

The Maine - a battle-ship of 6,648 tons displacement; 9,000 (estimated) horse-power; armament consists of four 10-inch B. L. R., six 6-inch B. L. R., four 6-pdr. R. F., eight 3-pdr. R. F., two 1-pdr. R. F., four 37-mm. R. C. and four Gatlings ; speed, 19 knots per hour ; cost $2,844,503 ; building at New York Navy Yard.

The Texas - a battle-ship of 6,300 tons displacement; 8,600 (estimated) horse-power; armament consists of two 12-inch B. L. R., other guns same as the Maine; speed, 19 knots per hour; cost $2,376,000' building at Norfolk Navy Yard.

The Puritan - a double-turret monitor of 6,060 tons displacement; 3,058 horse-power; armament consists of four 10-inch B. L. R., two 6-pdr. R. F., two 3-pdr. R. F., two 37-mm. R. C. and two Gatlings; speed, 13 1/4| knots per hour ; completing at New York Navy Yard.

The Miantonomah - a double-turret monitor of 3,815 tons displacement ; 3,000 horse-power ; armament same as the Puritan except carries no 3-pdrs; speed, 10 1/2 knots per hour ; completing at the New York Navy Yard.

The Terror - a double-turret monitor of the same description as the Miantonomah; speed, 10 knots per hour ; lays at New York Navy Yard.

The Monadnock - a double-turret monitor of the same description as the Miantonomah ; speed, 10 knots per hour ; lays at Mare Island Navy Yard.

The Amphitrite - a double-turret monitor of the same description as the Miantonomah; speed, 10 knots per hour; lays at Norfolk Navy Yard.

The Cruiser No. 7 - of 3,183 tons displacement; 10,000 (estimated) horse-power; armament consists of one 6-inch B. L. R., ten 4-inch B. L. R., two 6-pdr. R. F., two 3-pdr. R. F., one 1-pdr. R. F., two 37-mm. R. R.; speed, 16 knots per hour; cost .$1,100,000 ; building at New York Navy Yard.

The Cruiser No. 8 - of 3,183 tons displacement; 10,000 (estimated) horse-power; armament same as Cruiser No. 7; speed, 16 knots per hour ; cost $1,100,000 ; building at Norfolk Navy Yard.

The Cruiser No. 9 - of 2,000 tons displacement; 5,400 (estimated) horse-power; armament consists of two 6-inch B. L. R., eight 4-inch B. L. R., two 6-pdr. R. F., two 3-pdr. R. F., two R. C, and one Gat-ling ; speed, 17 knots per hour ; cost $612,500 ; building at Baltimore.

The Cruiser No. 10 - 2,000 tons displacement; 5,400 (estimated) horse-power ; armament (same as Cruiser No. 9); speed, 17 knots per hour ; cost $612,500 ; building at Baltimore.

The Cruiser No. 11 - 2,000 tons displacement; 5,400 (estimated) horse-power; armament (same as Cruiser No. 9); speed, 17 knots per hour ; cost $674,000 ; building at Boston.

The Gunboat No. 5 - 1,000 tons displacement; 1,600 (estimated) horse-power ; armament consists of eight 33-pdr. R. F., two 47-mm. R. C., two 37mm. R. C., one Gatling; cost $350,000; building not yet begun.

The Qunboat No. 6 - 1,000 tons displacement; 1,600 (estimated) horse-power; armament and cost (same as Gunboat No. 5); building not yet begun.

The Pratice Vessel - 835 tons displacement; 1,300 (estimated) horsepower; armament consists of four 33-pdr. R. F., two 6-pdr. R. F., two 3-pdr- R. F., one 1-pdr. R. F. and one 37-mm. R. C; cost $260,000; building not yet begun.

Plans being made ready for an armored cruiser of 7,500 tons displacement ; an armored cruiser of 5,300 tons displacement; a cruising monitor of 3,030 tons displacement; a harbor defense ram of 2,000 tons displacement, and a coast defense vessel of 4,000 tons displacement.

B. L. R. - Breach loading rifles.

R. C. - Revolving cannon.

R. F. - Rapid firing guns.

mm. - Millimetre, 39-l,000ths of an inch.