Statement of the Number of United States Troops Engaged

Wars

From

To

Regulars

Militia and

Volunteers

Total

War of the Revolution......

April 19, 1775

April 11, 1783

136,711

164,080

294.781

N'thwestem Indian Wars.

Sept. 19, 1790

Aug. 3, 1795

8,988

War with France

July 9, 1798

Sept. 30,1800

*4,593

War with Tripoli

June 10,1801

June 4, 1805

*3,330

Creek Indian War

July 27, 1813

Aug. 9, 1814

600

13,181

13,781

War of 1812 with Great B.

June 18,1812

Feb. 17, 1815

85,000

471,622

576,622

Seminole Indian War.......

Nov. 20,1817

Oct. 21, 1818

1,000

6,911

7,911

Black Hawk Indian War.. Cherokee Disturbance or

April 21, 1831

Sept. 31, 1832

1,339

5,126

6,465

Removal

1836

1837

9,494

9,494

Creek Indian War or Disturbance

May 5, 1836

Sept 30, 1837]

935

12,483

18,418

Florida Indian War

Dec. 23, 1835

Aug. 14,1843

11,169

29,95'3

41,122

Aroostook Disturbance.....

1838

1839

1,500

1,500

War with Mexico

Apache, Navajo and Utah

April 24, 1846

July 4, 1848

30,954

73,776

112,280

War...............................

1849

1855

1,500

1,061

2,661

Seminole Indian War.......

1856

1868

8.687

8,687

Civil War +........................

1861

1865

............

2772,408

* Naval forces engaged. + The number of troops on the Confederate side was about 600,000. Revolutionary War cost the United States $135,193,703; War of 1812 cost the United States $107,159,003; Mexican War cost the United States $100,000,000; Civil War cost the United States $6,189-929,900.

In the War of 1812-15, there were 10 battles, 8 combats and assaults, 52 actions and bombardments. In the Mexican War there were 11 pitched battles and 35 actions, combats, sieges and skirmishes. In the Civil War of 1861-G5, there were 107 pitched battles, 102 combats, and 362 actions, sieges and lesser affairs. Since 1812, the United States Army has had over 640 battles, fights and actions against Indians. Since 1789 there have been 912 garrisoned forts, arsenals and military posts in the United States. At the present time (1890) there are 144 garrisoned forts, arsenals and military posts.

Up to and including June, 1861, there were 1,966 graduates of the Military Academy, and of these there were living at the outbreak of the Civil War of 1861-65, 1,249. Of the 1,249, 428 were in civil life and 821 were in the military service of the United States. Of those in civil life, 292 took sides with the Union, and 99 joined the Confed-eracy, while 37 are unknown. Of the 821 in the army, 627 sided with the Union, 184 joined the Confederacy, and 10 took neither side. Of the 99 who joined the Confederacy from civil life, all, except one, were either born and brought up or were residents of Southern territory. On the other hand, of the 350 graduates born or appointed from Southern States, 162 remained loyal to the United States. Of the graduates who served in the Civil War, one-fifth were killed in battle, while one-half were wounded.