This section is from the "Encyclopedia Of Practical Receipts And Processes" book, by William B. Dick. Also available from Amazon: Dick's encyclopedia of practical receipts and processes.
Cosmetics for the Skin and Complexion. The preparations under this head are designed to soften the skin and beautify the complexion. We annex receipts for the more important. The heating medium in the manufacture of them must be either a water or steam bath.
1117. To Make Amandine. Put into a large marble mortar 2 ounces gum arabic, and 6 ounces white honey; triturate, and when the mixture has been rubbed into a thick paste, add 3 ounces perfectly neutral almond shaving cream. (See No. 602 (Shaving Cream).) Then continue the trituration until the mixture has become homogeneous. 2 pounds of fresh cold-pressed sweet almond oil are next allowed to flow from a can above into the mortar, but only as rapidly as it can be incorporated with the mass; otherwise, if it enters in too large quantities, the blending is imperfect, and the amandine becomes oily instead of jellylike and transparent, as it should be when the manipulation has been skillful. In summer temperatures it will be difficult to effect a combination of all the oil; and, therefore, the flow should be stopped as soon as the mixture becomes bright and assumes a crystalline lustre. The perfume should be mixed with the almond oil, and consists of 1/2 drachm attar of bitter almonds to every pound of paste. A little attar of rose and bergamot may also be added - about 1 drachm of each. As soon as finished it must be put in close pots.
1118. To Use Amandine. To produce amandine of fine quality is a matter of some difficulty and labor, and requires experience and considerable manipular skill. The details essential to success are noticed under "Emulsions." (See No. 43 (To Prepare Emulsions).) A small quantity, say a lump of filbert size, gives with warm water a rich lather, which, when rubbed over the face and hands, imparts softness, and prevents chapping. It should be wiped off while still in lather, with a dry towel.
1119. Glycerine Amandine. As the preceding, but adding, with the shaving cream, 3/4 to 1 ounce of Price's glycerine for every pound of oil intended to be subsequently added.
1120. Colored Amandine. Amandine may be colored green with spinach-leaves, and yellow and orange with palm oil or an-notto, by digesting or dissolving the substances in the oil before adding the scents. A beautiful scarlet or crimson may be given to it by adding a little liquid rouge or carmine (ammoniacal), just before removing it from the mortar. Olivine is a similar preparation to amandine, but made with olive-oil. It is often colored green.
1121. Cosmetic Balsam of Honey. Take finest pale honey, 4 ounces (avoirdupois); glycerine (Price's), 1 ounce; unite by a gentle heat; when cold, add rectified spirit, 1 fluid ounce (Imperial); essence of ambergris, 6 drops; and at once bottle it. Used to soften and whiten the skin, prevent chaps, etc..