This section is from the "Henley's Twentieth Century Formulas Recipes Processes" encyclopedia, by Norman W. Henley and others.
See also Polishes.
The following formula gives a liquid stove blacking:
Graphite, in fine powder .............. 1 pound
Lampblack......... 1. ounce
Rosin.............. 4 ounces
Turpentine......... 1 gallon
The mixture must be well shaken when used, and must not be applied when there is a fire or light near on account of the inflammability of the vapor.
This form may be esteemed a convenience by some, but the rosin and turpentine will, of course, give rise to some disagreeable odor on first heating the stove, after the liquid is applied.
Graphite is the foundation ingredient in many stove polishes; lampblack, which is sometimes added, as in the foregoing formula, deepens the color, but the latter form of carbon is of course much more readily burned off than the former. Graphite may be applied by merely mixing with water, and then no odor follows the heating of the iron. The coating must be well rubbed with a brush to obtain a good luster.
The solid cakes of stove polish found in the market are made by subjecting the powdered graphite, mixed with spirit of turpentine, to great pressure. They have to be reduced to powder and mixed with water before being applied.
Any of them must be well rubbed with a brush after application to give a handsome finish.