Goose-Grass, or CLEAVER3, Clivers, or CATCHWEED Goose-grass ; Galium aparine, L. an in-digenous plant, growing in cultivated grounds and hedges, and flowering from June to September. This succulent vegetable possesses no smell, and isof a somewhat bitter and acrid taste. An ointment prepared of the herb, when bruised and mixed with lard, is said to be an useful application for discussing strumous swellings. Dr. May erne informs us, that three ounces of the juice of this plant, taken twice a day in wine, have been found singularly benefi-cial as an aperient and diuretic in incipient dropsies. Its greatest efficacy, however, is said to be evi-dent in scorbutic complaints, for the cure of which a tea-cupful of its expressed juice is to be taken every morning, for nine or ten days. When the fresh plant cannot be procured, the dried leaves may be infused and drunk like tea.
The branches of this vegetable are employed by the Swedes, as substitutes for a hair-sieve to strain milk. Young geese are exceedingly fond of the leaves; and the whole plant is eaten by horses, cows, sheep and goats. - It is remarkable, that the bones of poultry feeding on the roots of goose-grass, acquire a red colour.
There is another species of this plant, namely, the Cross-leaved, Goose-grass, Bed-straw, or Cross-wort Madder, Galium boreale, L. which grows on mountains, rocks, and in gravelly places in Westmoreland and Wales; its stalk attains a height of from one to four feet, and its beautiful white flowers appear in July and August. - In Sweden, the root of this vegetable is known bv the name of mattara, and is generally employed for dyeing wool of a fine crimson colour. - According to Bechstein, this herb affords a very grateful and wholesome food to cattle.