Hiccough, or Hiccup (Sin-gullus), a sudden convulsive mo-tion of the stomach, occasioned by various causes, such as a fit of laughing, thirst, cold drinks, sup-pression of diarrhoea, antipathy, etc. It can by no means be considered as a disease, though a few instances have occurred, in which it has continued Tor three or four years : and one in which it became habitual, and could not be removed.
Persons Who eat large meals, and load the stomach by drinking profusely after them, or those liable to flatulency, are chiefly subject to this affection, a The common hiccough seldom requires any medicine to remove it, as it generally disappears after drinking a few small draughts of water in quick succession ; but, when it becomes very troublesome, a table-spoonful of vinegar may be swallowed. Inseveralvery obstinate cases, simple peppermint-water acidulated with a few drops of vitriolic acid, has procured immediate relief. Vomiting; sneezing; the application of cupping glasses, or aromatics to the pit of the sto-mach ; the stench of an extinguished tallow-candle, and many other remedies, have occasionally . been resorted to with success. In children, or nervous adults, sudden joy or fright, or the promise of an acceptable present, is often equally efficacious.
Hiccough. - Different remedies have already been suggested, for removing this temporary affection : as they, however, may not always be applicable on the spur of the occasion, we are informed by a correspondent, that a firm ligature on the artery at the wrist, will afford relief, if it be continued for about one minute; but, if the first attempt: should not prove suc-cessful, he recommends it to be repeated ; when such convulsive efforts will, in general, be suppressed.