Hides are either raw or green, that is, in the same state as when they were taken off the carcass ; salted or seasoned, in which case they are dressed with salt, alum, and salt-petre, to prevent them from putrifying ; or they are curried or tanned ; for an account of winch processes, the reader will consult the articles Currying and Tanning.
In August 1/83, a patent was granted to Mr. Geo. Choumert, of Five-foot-lane, Bermon sey-street, Surrey, tanner, for his invention of a machine for cutting, splitting, and dividing hides and skins, both in the pelt, and after being dressed into leather, for separating the grain .from the-flesh-side. As, however, this patent, though expired, cannot be underwood without a plate,and is, besides, not immediately connected with domestic economy, we refer the inquisitive reader to the 4th vol. of the Repertory of Arts and Manufactures.
Another patent was granted in May, 1801, to Mr. THO. BAGNALL, of Worsley, Lancashire, for a mill or machine for beaming or work-ing green hides and skins out of the mastering or drench, and preparing them for the ouse or back liquor, and also for chopping, grinding, riddling, and pounding bark, and for other purposes. This machine may be worked by wind, water, steam, or any other power ; but for the reasons before stated, we again refer the curious reader to the 15 th vol. of the work above cited.
The hides of cows, oxen, horses, mares, and geldings, in the hair, pay on importation a duty of 91/2d. per piece : those of cows and oxen, when tanned, pay 51/2d. per lb. ; and a convoy duty of 5d. per hide': those of horses, etc. in a similar state, are subject to a duty of 6/12d per lb., and to a convoy duty of 51/2d. per hide. By the 9th Geo. III. c. 39, continued by the 30th Geo. III. c. 40, till the 1st of June 1803, and thence to the end of the next session of parliament, both raw and undressed hides of any kind whatsoever (except horse's, mare's, and gelding's) may be imported from Ireland or the British Colonies in America, free of all duties ; provided they be duly entered and landed.