Creeping Loose-Strife, or Lysimachia nummularia, L. an indigenous, perennial plant, growing in moist, shady meadows ; and flowering in the months of June and July.—This vegetable affords a wholesome food for cattle, and especially for sheep. On account of its sub-acid and mildly astringent properties, it is considers ed as one of the most efficacious vulnerary herbs.- Bechstein asserts, that the leaves and flowers of this plant, steeped in oil, furnish an excellent remedy for destroying the worms and insects in testing the floors of granaries.
Hyssop Leaved Loose-Strife, or Lythrum hyssopi-folium, L. an indigenous annual plant, which grows in stagnant waters, and marshy grounds : in the month of August, it produces bright purple flowers, from which a very beautiful pigment may be extracted, in the manner pointed out vol. ii. p. 38, under the head of Colouring-matter.
Purple Loose-Strife, or Purple-spiked Willow-herb, Ghass-poly, Lythrum Salicaria, L. an indigenous perennial plant, growing in marshes, and on the banks of rivers ; flowering in the months of June and July.- This neglected vegetable is remarkable, as every part of it acquires a colour, when it begins to decay. Morand observes, in the Memoirs of the French Academy, for 1769, that he found roots and branches of the purple loose-strife buried under ground, between the rind of which were deposited several particles of a beautiful blue colour; and that, by chemical analysis, they proved to be a true native Prussian blue.—Suckow obtained from the flowering stalks, on the addition of green vitriol, a deep black dye ; and Dambourney, on preparing the cloth in a diluted solution of bismuth, a very fine chesnut tinge-In tanning, likewise, the whole plant, while in blossom, has been employed with advantage; so that, according to Gleditsch, excel lent sheep-skins were fully dressed, in the course of twelve days.