1. Explore the past and the future of your special group, somewhat as the past and the future of mankind have been explored in this chapter. Do not, however, go beyond its existence as a group.

2. Select some phase of human activity in which you are interested. Go through the successive issues of some yearbook (Statesman's, International, American, Britannica) or the bound volumes of some periodical, and gather evidence as to whether there has been any progress.

3. Find some institution which has not changed in ten years. It should be one about which you have, or can get, first-hand knowledge.

4. Recapitulation as a principle in biology.

5. Social recapitulation. Educational Review, Vol. 15, p. 374, Vande-walker; Vol. 18, p. 344, Allin; American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 8, pp. 145-157, Dopp.

6. Select some period of historical time, of which a bird's-eye view is given on pages 278, 279, and divide it up into shorter periods in such a way as to show the stages of progress.

7. Use the best resources available and make corrections or additions to the chart on page 283.

8. Investigate further the estimates of the length of the geological periods.

9. Same of the probable future of man. Goldthwaite's Geographical Magazine, Vol. 3, pp. 425-433-

10. Show on the blackboard the method of the computations for the table on page 290.


1. Make a definition of progress. What is social progress? What is the ideal of social organization? Of education? Does science aim at progress? Keller, Societal Evolution, pp. 247-250.

2. Thomas Davidson says that Aristotle was "the best educated man that ever walked on the surface of this earth." Aristotle and Ancient Educational Ideals, p. 154. If that is true, has education progressed?

3. Give an example of a fad or fashion which has come and gone since the Spanish-American War.

4. Give an example of an institution, preferably a local one about which you have first-hand knowledge, which has gone out of existence. Of one which has come into existence and bids fair to be permanent.

5. What is the dynamic or genetic phase of any science? Of the science of education? Of the study of society? Is genetic sociology different from history?


Bayliss, Lolami, the Little Cliff-Dweller. A primary textbook. Brinton, Races and Peoples, especially pp. 79-102. Brown, When the World Was Young, in the series of Nature and Industry Readers.

* Chapin, Social Evolution, pp. 39-101.

* Clodd, The Story of Primitive Man. Deniker, The Races of Man, pp. 123-127.

Dopp, Industrial and Social History Series: The Tree-Dwellers, The Early Cave-Men, The Later Cave-Men, The Early Sea-People. Other volumes in preparation. Textbooks for primary and intermediate classes.

Dopp, The Place of Industries in Elementary Education.

Earle, Home Life in Colonial Days. Gives a good idea of society before the industrial revolution. Readable for older children.

* Ellwood, The Social Problem, pp. 48-91. Geike, The Antiquity of Man in Europe.

Gesell, The Normal Child and Primary Education, pp. 46-60.

* Giddings, Principles of Sociology, Part III, "The Historical Evolution of Society," especially pp. 208-238.

* Grant, The Passing of the Great Race, pp. 85-120.

Harpers' Monthly Magazine, Vol. 135, pp. 33-38, Martin, "Two Generations."

Huxley, Man's Place in Nature, especially pp. 157-208.

Hayes, Introduction to the Study of Sociology, pp. 454-473, 490-524.

Humphrey, Mankind, pp. 97-107.

Ihering, Evolution of the Aryan, pp. 1-65.

Jordan and Kellogg, Evolution and Animal Life, pp. 451-469. A textbook in zoology.

Keane, Ethnology, Chapter I (Population).

Keane, The World's Peoples, Chapter I (Population).

Keith, The Antiquity of Man.

* Kelsey, The Physical Basis of Society, pp. 97-190.

Lankester, The Kingdom of Man, pp. 1-65, "Nature's Insurgent Son." Lubbock, Sir John (Lord Avebury), Pre-Historic Times. One of the early books revealing man's remote past.

Marvin, The Living Past: a Sketch of Western Progress. A volume with scope similar to this chapter. The first chapter is "Looking Backward"; the second is "The Childhood of the Race"; the twelfth and last is "Looking Forward."

Morgan, Ancient Society, pp. 3-45.

Nida, Ab, the Cave-Man.

* Osborn, Men of the Old Stone Age. Chapters IV and V treat of the Cr6-Magnon race.

Ripley, Races of Europe, pp. 165-179, the Cr6-Magnon race.

Robinson and Breasted, Outlines of European History, Part I, pp. 1-26, a chapter of material hitherto regarded as "prehistoric." A textbook for high schools.

Sayce, Introduction to the Science of Language. Preface deals with the origin of the Aryans.

Scientific Monthly, Vol. 4, pp. 16-26, Barrell, "The Tertiary Ape-Man."

Smithsonian Institution, Report, 1913, pp. 491-552, Hrdliča. See also reports for other years.

Starr, Some First Steps in Human Progress, especially pp. 13-135, 283-


Taylor, Origin of the Aryans: Chapter II (Geographical Location), races of Europe; Chapter

III, Neolithic culture.

Thomas, Source-Book for Social Origins, pp. 335-443, primitive technology.

Wallas, The Great Society, pp. 3-19.

Ward, Outlines of Sociology, pp. 169-178.

Ward, Pure Sociology, pp. 38-40.

Waterloo, The Story of Ab. An adaptation of Nida's Ab, the Cave-Man, for primary readers.

Wissler, The American Indian, pp. 245-356, seven chapters. Brings together all that is known about the development of aboriginal culture in America.

Progress and the Future

American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 12, pp. 779-821, Woods, "Progress as a Sociological Concept."

Bagehot, Physics and Politics, pp. 205-224.

Brinton, Races and Peoples, pp. 277-300.

Canada, Geological Survey, Coal Resources of the World, pp. xvii-xxxix, summary of the three volumes.

Giddings, Principles of Sociology, pp. 336-360.

Keller, Societal Evolution, "Progress" in the index.

Kelsey, The Physical Basis of Society, pp. 372-396.

Outlook, Vol. 105, pp. 401-411, 755-758; Vol. 106, pp. 273, 274.

Ross, Foundations of Sociology, pp. 185-189.

Scribner's Magazine, Vol. 60, pp. 547-556, Baekeland, "Renewing the Earth from the Air."

* Shaler, Man and the Earth, especially Chapter II (Geographical Location), power; III, metals; IV, soil; IX, climate; XI, animal life; XII, the last.

Smithsonian Institution, 1913,pp. 213-221, Jaumann, "Modern Ideas on the End of the World."

Spencer, Essays, Vol. I, pp. 8-62, "Progress: Its Law and Cause."

Survey, Vol. 26, pp. 247-252, Robinson, "Is Mankind Advancing?"

Todd, Theories of Social Progress, pp. 83-148.