This section is from the book "The Dogs Of Great Britain, America, And Other Countries. Their Breeding, Training, and Management in Health and Disease", by John Henry Walsh (Stonehenge). Also available from Amazon: The Dogs Of Great Britain, America And Other Countries.
The Skye Terrier is remarkable for his long weasel-shaped body, and for his short, fin-like legs, added to which he has a long rather than a wide head, and also a neck of unusual dimensions, so that when measured from tip to tail the entire length is more than three times his hight. The nose is pointed, but so concealed in the long hair which falls over his eyes, that it is scarcely visible without a careful inspection; eyes keen and expressive, but small as com-pared with the spaniel. The ears, if falling, are large and slightly raised, but turning over; in the prick-eared variety, which is by many in the north preferred, the ears stand up like those of the fox; tail long, but small in bone, and standing straight backwards, that is, not curved over the back, but having only a very gentle sweep, to prevent touching the ground. Fore legs slightly bandy, yet this is not to be sought for, but to be avoided as much as possible, though always more or less present. The dew-claws are entirely absent, and if present may be considered a mark of impurity. The colors most in request are steel-grey, with black tips; fawn with brown tips to ears and tail; black, fawn, or blue, especially a dark, slaty blue; the slightest trace of white is carefully avoided.
The hair is long and straight, hard, and not silky, parted down the back, and nearly reaching the ground on each side, without the slightest curl or resemblance to wool. On the legs and on the top of the head it is lighter in color than on the body, and is softer and more silky. This dog is little used as a sporting or vermin dog, being chiefly reserved for the companionship of man, but he is sometimes employed as a vermin-killer, and is as game as the rest of the terriers, when employed for that purpose. His weight is from 10 to 18 lbs., averaging about 14. But the variations in this particular, as indeed in almost all the points of the Skye terrier, are numerous beyond description. Thus there are, first of all, two if not three kinds of the pure Skye; one rather small in size, with long soft hair; another considerably larger, and with hard, wiry hair; while again, between these two, a third may, by hair-splitters, be readily made out. Then there is also a cross between the Skye and Dandie, which partakes in nearly equal proportions of the characteristics of each; and, lastly, most of the Skye terriers about London are crossed wtth the spaniel, giving them that silky coat and jet black color which are admired by the ladies, but mark impurity of blood.
This cross is detected by the worn-out appearance of the hair on the face, up to the brow. The Skye is a very good vermin dog, and will hunt anything. The portrait of the prick-eared variety given is that of a dog belonging to Mr. H. Martin, of Glasgow.
Fig. 13.- SKYE TERRIER.
The Fox Terrier was originally kept as an addition to every pack of foxhounds, being always so handy as to be up within a very .few minutes of running to ground. Now hounds are so fast that he would be left many miles behind in a run, and dependence is there-fore placed upon any chance terrier at hand when one is wanted. But in proportion as he has ceased to be used in the hunting-field, he has attained popularity as the most fashionable companion for young men, and of late years the classes of fox-terriers at our dog shows have been the most numerous and generally interesting.
The points are as follows: Head flat, and narrow between the eyes, but wider between the ears, - these are set rather back but lie close to the cheek, and are small and thin; jaw strong, mouth level, and teeth strong; eyes small and keen; nose black; shoulders straight, not too wide; chest full and round, but not deep; neck light and coming beautifully out of the shoulder; back powerful, and thighs well bent and strong; legs and feet straight and strong; color white, with black, or black and tan, or tan markings about the head; coat fine, but hard and not silky; weight not exceeding 16 lbs.
Fig. 14. -FOX TERRIER, BITTERS.
At the present time the most noted show fox terriers are Mr. Burbidge's Bitters, Nimrod, Royal, Nettle, and Dorcas, Mr. Abbott's Moslem, Mr. Hyde's Buffett, Mr. Murchison's Forceps, Olive, flatty, and Whisky, Mr. Gibson's Boxer and Joe, Mr. Fletcher's Rattler, and Mr. Whittle's Yorick. The most successful breeders of these have been Mr. Luke Turner and Mr. Gibson, the former having bred Nettle, Olive, and Joe, besides the first bitch puppy at the Lillie Bridge show, while the latter has bred Dorcas, Buffett, Natty, and Boxer.
I have selected for the engraving, as the best specimen, the dog Bitters, he being, I believe, the nearest of any of the dogs to the requirements of a fox terrier. Bitters won his first prize (under the name of Jock) at Epworth in 1872, and has altogether won nine first and nine second prizes.
The Bedlington Terrier has long been prized in the north of England, but until lately it has not been known out of that district It is a very quarrelsome dog, and is said to be of high courage. The body is not very long, the general appearance being somewhat leggy; head high and narrow, and crowned with a tuft of silky hair like the Dandie; eyes small, round, and rather sunk; ears filbert-shaped, long, and hanging close to the cheek; neck long and slender; legs rather long, but well formed and straight; color liver or sandy, or dark blue, - in the two former cases with a cherry nose, in the latter with a black one.
The Yorkshire Blue Tan, silky coated Terrier, is a modern breed altogether, having been almost unknown beyond the neighborhood of Halifax until within the last few years. Excepting in color and coat this dog resembles the old English rough terrier, as well as the Scotch, but the silky texture of his coat and his rich blue tan color are the result of careful selection and probably of crossing with the Maltese. The ears are generally cropped, but if entire should be fine, thin, and moderately small. The coat should be long, silky in texture, and well parted down the back. The beard is pecull-arly long and falling, being often several inches in length, and of a rich golden tan color. The color must be entirely blue on the back and down to the elbows and thighs, without any mixture of tan or fawn. The legs and muzzle should be a rich golden tan; -the ears being the same, but of a darker shade. On the top of the skull it becomes lighter and almost fawn. The weight varies from 10 lbs. to 18 lbs.
Visitors to our dog shows who look out for the beautiful as well as the useful, cannot fail to be attracted by this little exquisite, as he reclines on his cushion of silk or velvet, in the center of his little palace of crystal and mahogany, or struts round bis mansion, with the consequential airs of the dandy that he is; yet, with all his self-assertion of dignity, his beard of approved cut and color, faultless whiskers of Dundreary type, and coat of absolute perfection, without one hair awry, one cannot help feeling that he is but a dandy after all.
Fig. 15. - Yorkshire Terrier, Lady Giffard's Katie.
Although so very modern, it is difficult to trace satisfactorily the pedigree of this breed; indeed, pedigree he may be said at present to have none, and it is hard to say out of what materials he was manufactured; but the warp and woof of him appear to have been the common long-coated black and tan, and the lighter-colored specimens of what is known as the Glasgow or Paisley Skye terrier, the former of no certain purity, and the latter an admitted mongrel; and from which I think the Yorkshire gets the softness and length of coat due to Maltese blood. In shape this dog is in the proportion of hight to length between the Skye and English terrier - rather nearer to the latter; a long back is objected to. As they are always shown in full dress, little more than outline of shape is looked for; the eye, except when the hair is tied up, is invisible; the tail is shortened, and the ear is generally cut , when uncut it must be small, and is preferred when it drops slightly at the tip, but this is a trival point, and sinks into insignificance before coat and color; the coat must be abundant over the whole body, head, legs, and tail, and artificial means are used to encourage its growth; length and straightness, freedom from curl and waviness, being sought for; the body color should be clear, soft, silvery blue, of course varying in shade, with this is preferred a golden tan head, with darker tan about the ears, and rich tan legs.
The style in which the coat is arranged for exhibition is beautifully shown in the sketch of Katie; but that stage of perfection is not attained without much time, trouble, and patience When the pups are born, they are black in color, as are pepper Dandie Dinmonts and others; at an early age the tip of the tail is nipped off to the desired length, the ears, if cut at all, not until the age of six to eight months, and before this the coat will be changing color, getting gradually lighter. To prevent the hair being scratched and broken, little or no meat is given.