Use a thin soft piece of cow-hide for working this, as it wears much better than call. Either press or cut the pattern, but do not raise it; raised, it would he rather bulky for the pocket. The discs may be stamped with ring punches. If a coloured effect is wanted, they may be stained gold colour, or they may be left the natural colour of the leather, and the rest of the pattern may be brown, the ground being darker than the bands.

Leatherwok Casket with Metal Mountings. (Page 145.)

The actual making up of this casket in thick hude is a little beyond the usual style of leatherwork. To get strength, the leather should be fortified with an inside frame of metal, but in the case of small work this could be dispensed with. All corners should be securely sewn, the outside border of metalwork hiding the thread. The metal mounts are a good example of raised and pierced repousse work. A certain amount of waste is entailed by the nature of the design, for the lines must be drawn out on a sheet of copper and the design itself raised about one-sixteenth of an inch, flat on the top with the edges rounded. A considerable amount of tooled work on the surface will be needed, especially to bring the lower edges of the design quite sharp. This work will be much easier if the tracing is well defined.

In making the ornament lor the round top, first bend the metal to shape and then work up the design, for it is never satisfactory to bend raised work after it is finished. The handle, made of thicker metal, should be beaten into shape on a sandbag and mould. A fretsaw will be required to cut. out the various pieces, and great care will be needed to keep the lower edges quite straight.

The Spectacle Case (sec page 143) is to be made in two pieces of leather, to be stitched together by a saddler. If worked on brown leather, the outlines of the design should be cut and opened, and the design painted black or some colour. This gives a quaint effect, quite different from that produced by the ordinary mode of embossing in the natural colour.

The Harebell Design (page 127), with a little judicious weeding out, will be found useful for leather decoration, either for plain, even tooling on thin leather, for covers, etc, with a filling of gold leaf, or on calf or hide, with the ground well pressed down and punched.