you should work only in the early part of the day, when the sky and general atmospheric effects are less liable to sudden change.

SlGma asks us to define the difference between a study and a sketch. That is easily told: A sketch is intended as a guide to what one has seen and the other as a reminder of it. Both have their uses and are equally valuable to one who knows how to apply them.

S. B A. - (1) The Scandinavian style of wood-carving goes by various names. It is called " Viking." because it is supposed to have originated with the ancient Norsemen, who used it on their long ships and wooden shields and in hammering out the patterns on their helmets. The interlaced dragons probably are derived from the idea, in Scandinavian mythology, of the serpent of sin coiled about the world and of the powers of good and evil perpetually struggling for mastery. (2) We believe that the " Moquette" carpet was originally called "Mosquette," probably being of the kind used in the mosques by Mahommedans when praying.

Students of still-life painting will find the triangular shadow-box of great use in arranging the model. II is made in different forms, dimensions and surfaces, according to the artists requirements. Some shadow-boxes are made of white-pine, painted a medium tint of slate colour; some of black walnut, oiled; others are stained in imitation of cherry and polished. The latter are used where reflections are desired. The bottom of some of the boxes is a quarter circle, fifteen inches radius and the vertical sides fifteen inches square, with the upper corners rounded as shown in Fig. 1. Others are made with the bottom oblong, about fifteen by twenty inches, vertical sides about fifteen inches high as shown in Fig. 2; all are made of boards live-eighths of an inch thick.

At the recent Exhibition, at .Medical Examination Hall, Savoy street, on the Embankment, of Work executed in the LC.C. Schools, there was abundant evidence of the great advance made, through their agency, in popular handicraft instruction. Not the least interesting of the exhibits were those by the blind, mute, or crippled children in the Day School section; the gesso work of these was especially good in design - their own - but the colouring was rather crude. In wood-work there were so many examples of beautiful finish, particularly in inlaying, that it seems a pity such bright little craftsmen should not be taught to design and make their own models. The Evening School exhibits of carving and metal work indicated no lack of technical skill. but as a rule, slavish regard for mere finish robs the work of individuality. We would like to see more breadth of treatment. In the wood-carving, for instance, the fine effect of a long and decisive cut was rarelyto be noted. In the re] work there was more strength, but the attempts at figure modelling were feeble. On the other hand, the basket-making, bent-iron work, and wood-work by the blind children were truly wonderful, and no less creditable were the woodwork, carving, and metal exhibits by the deaf and dumb. On all sides the untiring devotion of the teachers was evident. Altogether, the good accomplished by these County Council Schools for young craftsmen is beyond all praise, but we fear that it is little appreciated by the general taxpayer, whose interest in the matter seems to end with his payment of rates.