The name given in the modern chemical nomenclature to a simple combustible, which constitutes a large portion of all animal and vegetable substances, and which is found in the greatest state of purity in the diamond, which is composed solely of it. Carbon unites with all the simple combustibles, and with azote, forming a series of important compounds. From its affinity for oxygen, it is employed for disoxygenating metallic oxides, and restoring their bases to a metallic state. With iron it forms steel and plumbago; and with copper it likewise forms a carburet In the state in which it is commonly obtained it is termed charcoal,