30th May, 1840. W. Pettit. For a communicating apparatus, to be applied to railroad carriages.

9th June, 1840. J. G. Shuttleworth. Certain improvements in railway and other propulsion. A mode of propelling by hydraulic pressure.

7 th Aug. 1840. A.Smith. Certain improvements in carriages, rails, and chairsfor railways.

The tires of the wheels are formed with a rectangular groove on the periphery, instead of a flange on the side. The rails are square bars of iron, let into grooves cut in wooden sleepers, with one of the angles upwards, and the chairs clip the sides of the rails in a dove-tail form.

10th Sept. 1840. Henry Houldsworth. Improvements in carriages, and for the conveyance of passengers on railways, and an improved seat applicable to such carriages and other purposes.

Application of wire gauze to carriages, to exclude dust, etc, and to break the violence of the current of air in rapid travelling, without materially obstructing the view of external objects, also seats which fold up of themselves when not in use.

22d Sept. 1840. T. Paine. For a plan by means of which carriages may be propelled by atmospheric pressure, only without the assistance of any other power, being an improvement on the atmospheric railways now in use.

15th Oct. 1840. R. Pettit. Improvements in railroads, and in the carriage and wheels used thereon.

1. Forming the wheels without flanges, and retaining them on the rails by means of horizontal wheels pressing against the inner side of the bearing rail, or against a centre rail.

2. An improved brake to be worked by hand.

3. A self-acting apparatus to be attached to railway engines, which shall cut off the steam, sound the alarm, and bring down the brake.

2d Nov. 1840. E.Galloway. Improvements in propelling railroad carriages.

2d Nov. 1840. J. Boydell. Improvements in working railways and other carriages, in order to stop them, and also to prevent them running off the lines or rails.

A brake lined with wood clips the rail, to stop the carriages, and bars extended below the carriages from opposite corners, to retain the carriages on the rail.

12th Nov. 1840. E. Birch. Improvements applicable to railroads, and to the engine and carriages to be worked thereon.

Self-acting brake, whistle, and signal apparatus.

24th Nov. 1840. F. Pope. Improvements in detaching locomotive and other carriages.

The shafts in common carriages, and the drag link in locomotives, are connected to a tongue held down by a spring catch, to which a lever is affixed: on pulling the lever, the catch is disengaged, the tongue flies over, and the horse or locomotive is released.

24th Nov. 1840. J. Haughton. Improvements in the means employed in preventing railway accidents, resulting from one train overtaking another.

A mode of employing a time-keeper, suitably acted upon by each passing train, to show the time which has expired between the passing of one train and the coming up of another, and also to register the time of each train passing.

16th Dec. 1840. J. Beathie. Certain improvements in locomotive engines, and in chairs and wheels for use upon railways, and certain machinery for use in the construction of parts of such inventions.

Apparatus for increasing the adhesion; improved buffing apparatus; brake with whistle attached, and coupling chain; improved railway chair; elastic wheels for railway carriages.

18th Dec. 1840. A. A. Lindo. Improvements to be applied to railways and carriages thereon, to prevent accidents, and to lessen the injurious effects of accidents to passengers, goods, and railway trains.

A self-acting whistle and governor; an apparatus for clearing the rails of obstructions; another for lifting men or animals off the rails; an apparatus to prevent carriages running off the rails, and to support them in the event of a wheel breaking; an improved buffer, and an improved mode of transmitting signals.

18th Dec. 1840. E. R. Handeock. Certain improvements in mechanism applicable to turn-tables for changing the position of carriages upon railroads, for furniture, and other purposes.

The Turn-Table Is Supported On A Vertical Spindle, Round The Upper And Lower End Of Which Are Placed Two Loose Collars, Or Anti-Friction Rollers, To Diminish The Lateral Thrust Of The Socket, Which Is Attached To The Under Side Of The Table

See further page 433.

23d. Dec. 1840. G. Thornton. Certain improvements applicable to railways, locomotive engines, and carriages.

These improvements are: a medium gauge of about 6 feet; a self-acting steam governor and water governor; preparatory heating of water in a case surrounding the smoke box; turning the waste steam into the chimney; cleaning out the fire tubes by a jet of steam and hot water; a self-acting brake for the wheels of the engine, and brakes to the carriages, which are raised by a drag rope from the engine, and descend upon the rope becoming slack.

7th May, 1840. H..M. Grover. • Improved method of retarding and stopping railway carriages, and trains.

24th Sept. 1840. Henry Pinkus. Improvements in the methods of applying motive power to the impelling of machinery, applicable amongst other things to impelling carriages on railways, on common roads or ways, and through fields, and vessels afloat, and in the method of constructing the roads or ways on which carriages may be impelled or propelled.

Propelling by exploding gas, by electricity, and by what the patentee terms the gaso-pneumatic power.

6th Jan. 1841. Henry Bessemer. New mode of checking the speed of, or stopping, railway carriages under certain circumstances.

A self-acting brake, which is brought into immediate action upon any diminution of the regulated distance between the locomotive engine and the train of carriages, by the operation of compressed air.

14th Jan. 1841. W.Hancock. Certain improved means of preventing accidents on railways.