This section is from the "Hand Sewing Lessons" book, by Sarah Ewell Krolik. Also available from Amazon: Hand Sewing Lessons: A Graded Course For Schools And For The Home.
Cotton, 21/2 x6 inches.
Calico, gingham, or white corded dimity, 5 inches square, with hair stripe 1/8 inch apart.
(a) A design is drawn on the cotton by the pupil, to be outlined in running stitch. Turn the edges back, and finish with flannel-stitch. (See Model 25 (Blanket, Flannel And Cat Stitches), and Illustration 34, No. 8.)
(b) Overcast the square in 1/8 inch stitches, 1/8 inch from the edge. Start at one corner, 1/4 inch from the edge, and run six squares, one within the other, 1/8 inch apart, making fine stitches midway between the stripes, and 1/8 inch stitches, when sewing across them, under one stripe and over the next. Straighten each side as directed below.
Children substitute a doll's apron for this model. See combination of course with practice work.
Illustration 7. A Corner of Model 5 (Running Stitch).
Illustration 8. Hands in position for running.
Running Seam. Take up two or three running stitches, then hold the edge of the cloth and the needle with the right thumb and forefinger, and push the needle with the thimble, while the left thumb and forefinger holds the cloth before the point.
Illustration 9. Design in running stitch.
A pupil should practice on strips of cloth, and sew, without a knot in her thread, until she can hold the work in her hands properly, and push the needle with her thimble. Before she makes the model, she should learn to make fine, even stitches, with her hands held in the right position. Begin running stitch by sewing one stitch over another, and finish in the same way.
To avoid puckering the work, begin at the right hand side before fastening the thread, and smooth the thread from right to left between the left thumb and forefinger before fastening it.