A binding is used to strengthen and protect the raw edges of a garment by covering them with a folded tape, ribbon, braid, etc.

Flannel binding is a thin kind of tape with a silky finish.

Galloon or Persian binding has a silky finish, with a sort of a herringbone weave on the surface.

These bindings come in various widths, half-inch being the most common.

Materials. - The materials required for this lesson are: A piece of flannel one-half yard long; a piece of skirt braid, ribbon, or Persian binding one-half inch wide; needles, "sharps"; sewing silk or cotton, according to materials ; scissors; tape measure.

1.   Begin at the right-hand side.

2.   Place the binding on the edge of the flannel so that, when finisned, one-third of the width of the binding will be on the right side and two-thirds on the wrong side of the garment; or it may be made alike on both sides.

3.   Hold the binding firmly and ease the flannel in slightly, so as to keep the edges from puckering.

4.   Take a few running stitches across the end of the braid to prevent it from spreading.

*Advanced work.

5.  Either hem or stitch it on the right side; afterwards hemming it down on the wrong side. Or it may be stitched, or sewed with a running stitch, directly through both edges. The latter method is used in binding the seams of dresses; in this case the binding must be placed evenly on both sides.

6.   Another way is to lay the binding flat on the right side of the goods about one-sixteenth of an inch from the edge.

7.   Sew with a running and an occasional backstitch.

8.   Turn the braid over, press it down as flat as possible, and hem it to the wrong side of the material.

9.  Be careful that the stitches do not go through to the right side.

10.   In turning the braid over, it may be allowed to form a slight cord on the right side if desired.

11.   Before joining, take a few stitches across each end of the braid to prevent it from spreading.

12.   Then overseam the edges together.

Note. - In binding flannel, the binding is sometimes basted on both sides and secured by feather stitching on the right side.

Mistakes Likely to Occur.

1.   The binding may be put on too loose, thus giving it a wrinkled appearance.

2.   The corners may be drawn or not tacked securely.

3.   The binding may not be placed far enough away from the raw edges of the material, thus causing it to break away when the flannel is washed.