1. Make a small knot in the thread.

2. With the folded edge from you, place the slit across the cushion of the left forefinger (Fig. 42).

3. Hold the slit firmly between the thumb and forefinger, and slanting as in Fig. 42.

4. Work from you, beginning at the end farthest from the folded edge of the cloth.

Fig. 43.

Fig. 43. - A, showing the barring of a button-hole; B, showing the overcasting of a button-hole; C, showing a finished button-hole; D, showing a button-hole on heavy cloth.

5. Draw the needle through from underneath, at the left of the slit, and three or four threads from the raw edge, a (Fig. 43, A).

6. Turn the cloth, so that the folded edge is towards you.

7. Insert the needle at b (Fig. 43, A), and bring it out at c, taking up three or four threads of the cloth at each side of the slit.

8. Again insert the needle at b, and bring it out at c. This makes a side and end barring.

9. Turn the cloth, and bar the other side and end in the same manner, i.e., inserting the needle at d, bring it out at a, and repeat. This brings the needle to the starting point. ,


1. Hold the barring tightly near the edge of the slit.

2. Taking up three or four threads of the cloth, overcast one side, making the stitches over the barring and one-eighth of an inch apart. Bring the needle at the last stitch into the corner, where the side and end barring meet, b (Fig. 43, B).

Fig. 44.

Fig. 44. - Showing button-hole stitches, enlarged, needle and thread in position. The straight lines represent the threads of the cloth.

Fig. 45.

Fig. 45.- Showing a finished button-hole, enlarged.

3. Turn the cloth, and take one overcasting stitch in the opposite corner, c (Fig. 43, B).

4. Overcast the remaining side and end in the same manner, which will again bring the needle to the starting point.