This section is from the book "Scientific American Reference Book. A Manual for the Office, Household and Shop", by Albert A. Hopkins, A. Russell Bond. Also available from Amazon: Scientific American Reference Book.
The duties of the Bureau of Yards and Docks comprise all that relates to the planning, construction, and maintenance of all docks (including dry docks), wharves, slips, piers, quay walls, and buildings of all kinds, for whatever purpose needed, within the limits of the navy-yards, but not of hospitals and magazines outside of those limits, nor of buildings for which it does not estimate. It repairs and furnishes all buildings, stores and offices in the several navy-yards, and is charged with the purchase, sale, and transfer of all land and buildings connected with the navy-yards; has under its sole control the general administration of the navy-yards; provides and has sole control of all landings, derricks, shears, cranes, sewers, dredging, railway tracks, cars, and wheels, trucks, grading, paving, walks, shade trees, inclosure walls and fences, ditching, reservoirs, cisterns, fire engines, and apparatus, all watchmen, and all things necessary, including labor, for the cleaning of the yards and the protection of the public property.
The duties of the Bureau of Equipment comprise all that relates to the equipment of all vessels with rigging, sails, anchors, yeomen's stores, furniture not provided by other bureaus, navigation stores and supplies of all kinds, including nautical and navigating instruments and books, stationery, and blank books for commanding and navigating officers ashore and afloat, binnacles, flags, signal lights, running lights, and standing lights on board vessels, including all electrical apparatus for lighting purposes and searchlights, logs, leads, lines, and glasses, log books, ships' libraries, illumiuating oil for all purposes, except that used in the engineer department of steamers, and fuel for steamers, the ropewalks, and the shops for making anchors and cables, rigging, sails, galleys, and cooking utensils, the Naval Observatory, Nautical Almanac, compass offices, and pilotage. It has under its control the Hydrographic Office, the collection of foreign surveys, publication and supply charts, sailing directions, and nautical works, and the dissemination of nautical and hydrographic information to the Navy and mercantile marine.
The duties of the Bureau of Ordnance comprise all that relates to the torpedo station, naval proving grounds, and magazines on shore; to the manufacture of offensive and defensive arms and apparatus (including torpedoes), all ammunition and war explosives; procures all machinery, apparatus, equipment, material, and supplies required by or for use with the above; recommends the armament to be carried by vessels of the Navy: the material, kind, and quality of the armor; the interior dimensions of revolving turrets and their requirements as regards rotation. It fixes, within the carrying power of vessels as determined by the Bureau of Construction and Repair, the location and command of the armament, and distributes the thickness of the armor; inspects the installation of the permanent fixtures of the armament and its accessories on board ship, and the methods of storing, handling, and transporting ammunition and torpedoes; designs and constructs turret ammunition hoists; determines the requirements of all ammunition hoists, and the method of construction of armories and ammunition rooms on board ship, and in conjunction with the Bureau of Construction and Repair, determines upon their location and that of ammunition hoists. It installs the armament and its accessories which are not permanently attached to any portion of the structure of the hull, excepting turret guns, turret mounts, and ammunition hoists, etc.; has cognizance of all electrically operated ammunition hoists, rammers, and gun-elevating gear which are in turrets, of electric range finders, of electric training and elevating gear for gun mounts not in turrets, of electrically operated air compressors for charging torpedoes, and of all battle-order and range trans mitters and indicators; designs internal arrangements of buildings at navy-yards where ordnance work is performed; designs, erects, and maintains all shops and buildings constructed for its own purpose outside the limits of navy-yards. It is charged with the purchase, sale, and transfer of all land and buildings in connection therewith, except at navy-yards, and with the preservation of public property under its control. It determines upon and procures all the tools, stores, stationery, blank books, forms, material, means, and appliances of every kind required in its shops, including fuel and transportation. It superintends all work done under it, and estimates for and defrays from its own funds the cost necessary to carry out. its duties as above defined.
The duties of the Bureau of Construction and Repair comprise the responsibility for the structural strength and stability of all ships built for the Navy; all that relates to designing, building, fitting, and repairing the hulls of ships, turrets, spars, capstans, windlasses, steering gear, and ventilating apparatus, and, after consultation with the Bureau of Ordnance, and according to the requirements thereof as determined by that Bureau, the designing, construction, and installation of independent ammunition hoists, and the installation of the permanent fixtures of all other ammunition hoists and their appurtenances; placing and securing armor after the material, quality, and distribution of thickness have been determined by the Bureau of Ordnance: placing and securing on board ship, to the satisfaction of the Bureau of Ordnance, the permanent fixtures of the armament and its accessories as manufactured and supplied by that Bureau: installing the turret guns, turret mounts, and ammunition hoists, and such other mounts as require simultaneous structural work in connection with installation or removal: care and preservation of ships in ordinary, and requisitioning for or manufacturing all the equipage and supplies for ships prescribed by the authorized allowance lists. The Bureau of Construction and Repair also, after conference with the Bureau of Ordnance, designs the arrangements for centering the turrets, the character of the roller paths and their supports, and furnishes the Bureau every opportunity to inspect the installation on board of all permanent fixtures of the armament and accessories supplied by said Bureau. It has cognizance of ail electric turret-turning machinery and of all electrically operated ammunition hoists (except turret hoists), the same to conform to the requirements of the Bureau of Ordnance as to power, speed, and control. It also has cognizance of stationary electrically operated fans or blowers for hull ventilation, boat cranes, deck winches, capstans, steering engines and telemotors therefor, and hand pumps not in the engine or fire rooms, and of electric launches and other boats supplied with electric motive power. It has charge of the docking of ships, and also designs the slips and the various buildings and shops, so far as their internal arrangements are concerned, where its work is executed, and is charged with the operating and cleaning of dry docks.