This section is from the book "Scientific American Reference Book. A Manual for the Office, Household and Shop", by Albert A. Hopkins, A. Russell Bond. Also available from Amazon: Scientific American Reference Book.
Length, 725 feet 9 inches. Beam, 75 feet. Maximum Displacement, 40,000 tons.
The New Transatlantic Steamship "Baltic" The Largest Vessel Afloat.
The Four Upper Decks Op The "Baltic."
The success of the "Oceanic" showed that the most remunerative type of craft for the transatlantic traffic is the vessel of a medium speed, maintained under all varying conditions, but of a tremendous tonnage. Although speed may be an important desideratum from one point of view, such a qualification is in reality only appealing to a limited quota of passengers, the bulk of travelers preferring greater comfort and steadiness of the vessel, especially in rough weather. Each of the two vessels built after the "Oceanic" has marked an increase in size and tonnage upon its predecessor.
The latest liner, the "Baltic," surpasses in size anything that has thus far been attempted, though it is by no means the finite, for Messrs. Harland & Wolff have declared their readiness to build a vessel of 50,000 tons. The realization of such a vessel is dependent upon the capacity of a dock to accommodate it.
The length of the "Baltic" over all is 725 feet 9 inches. This is an increase upon the length of the "Celtic" and "Cedric" of 25 feet. The beam is the same, being 75 feet; the depth, 40 feet. The gross tonnage is 23,000 tons, an increase of about 3,000 tons. The cargo capacity is about 28,000 tons, and the total displacement at the load draft approximates 40,000 tons.
The total complement of passengers is 3,000 passengers, and a crew of about 350. The general arrangement of the ship is similar to the other two vessels of this type - a continuous shade deck running fore and aft, with three tiers of deckhouses and two promenade decks above same. On the upper promenade deck is the first-class smokeroom and library, and the two houses below contain the deck staterooms. All the first-class accommodation is situated amidships.
The vessel is not speedy. In the case of the "Oceanic" a speed of 20 knots can be maintained, but in the subsequent vessels this was reduced to about 16 1/2 knots. The "Baltic" will approximate the same speed, with a great reserve of power, to enable this rate of traveling to be maintained even under adverse conditions.
The "Baltic" is fitted with engines of Harland & Wolff's quadruple-expansion type, developing about 13,000 I. H. P. The engines are arranged on the balance principle, which practically does away with all vibration. The twin engines and twin screws afford another element of safety to the ship and passengers, and the possibility of danger is reduced to a minimum.
The maiden trip of the "Baltic" was made without incident. Her trip occupied 7 days 13 hours and 37 minutes. She left Liverpool at 5 P. M. on June 20, 1904, and by 8:21 had passed Rock Light on her way to Queenstown. Her daily runs were: July 1, 312 knots; July 2, 395 knots; July 3, 403 knots; July 4, 417 knots; July 5, 387 knots; July 6, 407 knots; July 7, 414 knots.
The engines ran from seventy-eight to eighty revolutions a minute, while the forty-eight furnaces consumed only 235 tons of coal a day. Her engine and fireroom force is comparatively small - fourteen engineers, fifteen oilers, thirty-six firemen, twenty-six coal passers, two storekeepers, two stewards and one winchman making up the three watches.
Among the later developments of electricity is that on shipboard. The most complete installation of this kind is that on the "Kronprinz Wilhelm." Here all the cabins have telephones, in addition to the electric light, and call bells. The first-class cabins and the dining-room are heated by electric stoves. A system of bulkhead telegraphy enables the captain in a moment of danger, caused by collision, to see, while on the bridge, whether all the water-tight doors are closed. There are forty such doors, and each one falls into place.
Copyright, 1904, by Mann & Co.
The Quadruple Screw Turbine Cunarders Of 1906 Compared
With The Park Row Building, Trinity Church, The
White Star Steamship "Baltic" Of 1871, And
The First Cunard Steamship
"Britannia" Of 1840.