Family, Rose. Color, white. Leaves ovate, pointed, rounded or notched at base, finely toothed, 2 or 3 inches long, on petioles, pale green underneath. Stipules, long and narrow,and with the bud-scales silky-downy,falling with the scales. Calyx, 5-parted. Petals, 5, long, narrow, notched, tapering at base. Stamens, many. Fruit, a dark-crimsoned, 10-seeded, edible berry, with the calyx points remaining on the tip. The flat grow in spreading racemes, with leaves or bracts among them. They come early in spring, their pure white contrasting prettily with the pale-green, glossy, silky leaves and the pretty crimson of the investing scales. They have a fishy smell. The name shad bush refers to the time of the approach of the spring shad in our waters. April and May. Fruit in June.

This often attains the proportions of a small tree. It grows in dry soil, in light woods or thickets, or along the roadsides.

A, oblongifolia-----A shrub or small tree, with very whitish, downy young leaves and racemes of flowers. Leaves, oblong, oval, or elliptical, finely serrate, acute or rounded at each end. pale green beneath, petioled. Flowers, smaller than the last, in dense racemes. Fruit, round, juicy.

Wet, swampy ground, in woods or rocky uplands, from Virginia northward.

A. oligocarpa. - A shrub, not so tall as the last two species 2 to 9 feet high. Flowers, a few, 1 to 4. in a raceme, long-pedi-celled. Fruit, dark purple, covered with a bloom, pear-shape

Leaves, 1 to 3 inches long, thin, oblong or oval, acute at apex, finely toothed, short-petioled.

Found northward in cold swamps, in mountains and damp woods,New England and New York. westward to Lake Superior.