191. Carex Recta Boott. Cuspidate Sedge

Fig. 1058

C. recta Boott, in Hook. Fl. Bor.-Am. 2: 220. pl. 222. 1840.

Glabrous, culms phyllopodic, from long rootstocks, rather stout, smooth or rough above, erect, 1°-3° tall. Leaves often equalling the culm, 1"~3" wide, their margins revolute, smooth, their sheaths more or less nodulose; bracts similar, not spathe-like, usually overtopping the spikes; staminate spikes 1-3, stalked; pistillate spikes 2-4, approximate, narrowly cylindric, often staminate at the summit, 1'-2 1/2' long, erect, the upper often sessile, the lower stalked; perigynia elliptic, coriaceous, green, nerveless or 2-4-nerved, with a very short entire beak; scales dark-purple, brownish or chestnut with a green center, lanceolate, pale, acuminate or abruptly contracted into a serrate awn, much longer than the perigynia; stigmas 2.

In marshes, Labrador to the coast of Massachusetts. Also in Europe. Erroneously referred to C. cuspidata Wahl. in our first edition. July-Aug.

191 Carex Recta Boott Cuspidate Sedge 1058

192. Carex Cryptocarpa C. A. Meyer. Hidden-Fruited Sedge

Fig. 1059

Carex cryptocarpa C. A. Meyer, Mem. Acad. St. Petersb. 1: 226. pl. 14. 1831.

Glabrous, stoloniferous, culm stout, erect, sharply 3-angled, rough above, 1 1/2°-3° tall. Leaves smooth, 1"-4" wide, the basal shorter than or equalling the culm, the upper ones and the lower bract shorter; staminate spikes 2-4, stalked; pistillate spikes 2-5, all filiform-stalked and drooping, densely flowered, i'-3 long, 3"-4 1/2" in diameter; perigynia oblong or oval, puncticulate, green, several-nerved, 1 1/2" long, tipped with a very short entire beak; scales purple-brown, ascending, lanceolate, acute, acuminate or even cuspidate, from little to 2 or 3 times longer than the perigynia; stigmas 2.

Arctic America from Greenland to Alaska, south along the coast to Oregon and Washington. Europe and Asia. Summer.

192 Carex Cryptocarpa C A Meyer Hidden Fruited Sed 1059

193. Carex Maritima Mueller. Seaside Sedge

Fig. 1060

C. maritima Mueller, Fl. Dan. 4: fasc. 12, 5. pl. 703. 1777.

Glabrous, light green, culms aphyllopodic, rather stout, erect, sharply 3-angled, smooth, or roughish above, little fibrillose at base, 1°-2 1/2° tall, from stout stoloniferous rootstocks. Leaves 1 1/2-5" wide, roughish on the margins and midvein, rarely overtopping the culm, sterile culm-leaves longer; lower bracts exceeding culm; staminate spikes 1-3, slender-stalked; pistillate spikes 2-4, ovoid- to linear-oblong, often staminate at the summit, densely many-flowered, not flexuous, I'-3' long, 4"-8" thick, drooping or widely spreading on filiform stalks; perigynia oval or nearly orbicular, ascending, pale, biconvex, not inflated, 1 1/2" long, few-nerved, tipped with a very short and nearly or quite entire beak; scales ascending, green, lanceolate-subulate, ciliate-scabrous, 2-8 times as long as the perigynia; stigmas 2.

In salt meadows. Newfoundland and Labrador to Massachusetts. Also in Europe. June-Aug.

193 Carex Maritima Mueller Seaside Sedge 1060