6. Vitis Palmāta Vahl. Missouri Grape

Fig. 2835

Vitis palmata Vahl, Symbol. Bot. 3: 42. 1794.

Vitis rubra Michx.; Planch. in DC. Mon. Phan. 5: 354. 1887.

High-climbing, glabrous or nearly so throughout, or with slight pubescence on the veins of the lower surfaces of the leaves; twigs bright red; bark separating in large flakes; pith interrupted, the diaphragms thick; tendrils intermittent, forked. Leaves dull, darker green than in V. vulpina, deeply 3-5-lobed, the sinuses rounded, the lobes long-acuminate; stipules 1 1/2"-2" long; inflorescence loose; berries black, 4"-5" in diameter, without bloom; seeds 1 or 2, about 3" long; raphe indistinct.

River-banks, Illinois, Missouri and Arkansas. Blooming later and ripening its berries after V. vulpina. June-July.

7. Vitis Cordifōlia Michx. Frost Grape. Chicken Grape

Fig. 2836

Vitis cordifolia Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 231. 1803. Vitis virginiana Munson, Gard. & For. 3: 474.

1890. Not Lam. 1808. Vitis Bailey ana Munson. Vit. Bail. 1893.

High-climbing, the twigs glabrous or slightly pubescent, terete or indistinctly angled; pith interrupted by thick diaphragms; internodes long; bark loose; tendrils intermittent; stem sometimes 1° in diameter or more. Leaves 3'-4' wide, glabrous, or sparingly pubescent on the veins beneath, thin, sharply and coarsely dentate with very acute teeth, sometimes slightly 3-lobed, mostly long-acuminate at the apex; tendrils forked, intermittent; stipules about 2" long; inflorescence loose or compact; berries black, shining, about 3" in diameter, ripening after frost; seeds 1 or 2, about 2" long; raphe narrow.

Moist thickets and along streams, southern New York and New Jersey to Illinois, Wisconsin, Nebraska, Florida and Texas. Possum-, fox- or winter grape. May-June. Fruit ripe Oct.-Nov.

7 Vitis Cordif Lia Michx Frost Grape Chicken Grape 11787 Vitis Cordif Lia Michx Frost Grape Chicken Grape 1179

8. Vitis Rupčstris Scheele. Sand, Sugar Or Mountain Grape

Fig. 2837

V. rupestris Scheele, Linnaea 21: 591. 1848.

Low, bushy or sometimes climbing to a height of several feet, glabrous or somewhat floccose-pubescent on the younger parts; pith interrupted; bark loose; tendrils forked, intermittent or often wanting. Leaves smaller than in any of the preceding species, pale green, shining, sharply dentate with coarse teeth, or sometimes incised, abruptly pointed, rarely slightly 3-lobed, the sides often folded together; stipules 2"-3" long; inflorescence compact; berries black, with a bloom, 3"-4" in diameter, sweet, 2-4-seeded; seeds about 2" long; raphe very slender.

In various situations, Pennsylvania to the District of Columbia, Missouri, Tennessee and Texas. April-June. Fruit ripe in August.