Not Raf. 1808, nor Ell. 1817.]

Tall shrubs, or small trees, with terete twigs, alternate short-petioled, lepidote or pubescent leaves, and small mostly white flowers in terminal or axillary, usually panicled racemes or clusters. Calyx 4-5-lobed or 4-5-cleft, the lobes not imbricated, valvate. Corolla globose, or urceolate, pubescent, 4-5-toothed, the teeth recurved. Stamens 8-10, included; filaments flat, incurved, pubescent, not appendaged; anthers attached to the filaments near their bases, truncate, not awned, the sacs opening by large terminal pores. Disk 8-10-lobed. Ovary 4-5-celled; style columnar; stigma truncate; ovules numerous, pendulous, attached to the upper part of the placentae. Capsule globose or ovoid, 4-5-angled, loculicidally 4-5-valved, its apex intruded, the sutures thickened. Seeds numerous, elongated, the testa membranous, loose, reticulated. [Name unexplained.]

About 20 species, natives of eastern North America, the West Indies and Mexico. Besides the following, 2 others occur in the southern United States. Type species: Andromeda ferruginea Walt.

19 Xolisma Raf Am Month Mag 4 193 1819 Lyonia Nutt 1587

I. Xolisma Ligustrina (L.) Britton. Privet Andromeda

Fig. 3245

Vaccinium ligustrinum L. Sp. Pl. 351. 1753.

Andromeda ligustrina Muhl. Cat. 43. 1813.

Lyonia ligustrina DC. Prodr. 7: 599. 1839.

X. ligustrina Britton, Mem. Torr. Club 4: 135. 1894.

A much branched shrub, 3°-12° high, the twigs pu-berulent or glabrous. Leaves obovate, oblong, oval or ovate, deciduous, minutely serrulate or entire, acute at each end or abruptly acuminate at the apex, usually quite glabrous above, more or less pubescent, at least on the veins, or glabrous when old, 1'-3 1/2' long; racemes numerous, mostly leafless, in terminal panicles or clusters, many-flowered; bracts small, caducous; pedicels single or clustered, 1"-3" long, pubescent; calyx-lobes triangular-ovate, acute; corolla nearly globular, about 1 1/2" in diameter; capsule depressed-globose, obtusely 5-angled, about 1 1/2" in diameter.

In swamps and wet soil, Canada (according to Pursh), Maine to New York, Florida, Tennessee, Arkansas and Texas. White-wood. White-alder or pepper-bush. Seedy buckberry. Lyon's-anuromeda. May - July.

Xolisma foliosiflòra (Michx.) Small, of the Southern States, differs in having the inflorescence leafy-bracted.