Shrubs, brown- or silvery-scurfy or stellate-pubescent, with opposite petioled leaves. Flowers small, dioecious, or sometimes polygamous, subspicate or fascicled at the nodes of the preceding season, or axillary, the pistillate few or sometimes solitary. Pistillate flowers with an urn-shaped or ovoid 4-lobed perianth, bearing an 8-lobed disk at its mouth which nearly closes it; style somewhat exserted. Staminate flowers with a 4-parted perianth and 8 stamens alternating with as many lobes of the disk; filaments short. Fruit drupe-like, the fleshy perianth-base enclosing a nut, or achene. [Greek, silvery-scaly.]

Three known species, the following and L. rotundifolia of Utah. Type species: Hippophaë argéntea Pursh.

Leaves ovate or oval, green above, silvery beneath; shrub thornless.


L. canadensis.

Leaves oblong, silvery on both sides; shrub mostly thorny.


L. argentea.

1. Lepargyraea Canadensis (L.) Greene. Canadian Buffalo-Berry

Fig. 2996

Elaeagnus canadensis L. Sp. Pl. 1024. 1753. Shepherdia canadensis Nutt. Gen. 2: 240. 1818. L. canadensis Greene, Pittonia 2: 122. 1890.

A thornless shrub, 4°-8° high, the young shoots brown-scurfy. Leaves ovate or oval, obtuse at the apex, rounded, or some of them narrowed at the base, 1'-1 1/2 long, green and sparingly stellate-scurfy above, densely silvery stellate-scurfy beneath, some of the scurf usually brown; petioles 2" - 3" long; flowers in short spikes at the nodes of the twigs, yellowish; buds globose, less than 1" in diameter, forming in summer, expanding with or before the leaves early in the following spring; perianth about 2" broad when expanded; fruit oval, red or yellowish, 2" - 3" long, the flesh insipid, the nut smooth.

On banks, especially along streams, Newfoundland to Alaska, British Columbia, Maine, New York, Wisconsin and New Mexico. Wild oleaster- or olive-tree. Soopoo-lalia (Indian). April-June. Fruit ripe July-Aug.

1 Lepargyraea Canadensis L Greene Canadian Buffalo 1338

2. Lepargyraea Argéntea (Nutt.) Greene. Buffalo-Berry. Rabbit-Berry

Fig. 2997

Elaeagnus argentea Nutt. Fraser's Cat. 1813.

Hippophaë argentea Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. 115. 1814.

Shepherdia argentea Nutt. Gen. 2: 241. 1818.

L. argentea Greene, Pittonia 2: 122. 1890.

A shrub, 4°-18° high, the twigs often terminating in thorns. Leaves oblong, or sometimes oblong-lanceolate, 1-2' long, rarely more than ¥ wide, obtuse at the apex, usually cuneate-narrowed at the base, densely silvery-scurfy on both sides; petioles 2"-6" long; flowers fascicled at the nodes, the globose buds very silvery; fruit oval, or ovoid, scarlet, sour, 2"-3" long, edible.

Minnesota to Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Kansas and Nevada. April-May. Called also beef-suet tree, silver leaf. Wild oleaster- or olive-tree. Bull-berry. Fruit ripe July-Aug.

2 Lepargyraea Arg Ntea Nutt Greene Buffalo Berry R 1339