2. Lysimachia Punctata L. Spotted Loosestrife

Fig. 3288

Lysimachia punctata L. Sp. Pl. 147. 1753.

Resembles the preceding species, usually densely pubescent, sometimes glabrate; stem simple or branched, 2°-3° high. Leaves verticillate in 3's or 4's or some of them opposite, oval or ovate-lanceolate, acute or obtuse at the apex, rounded or narrowed at the base, short-petioled, 1'-3' long, 1/2'-1 1/2' wide, usually proportionately shorter and broader than those of L. vulgaris; flowers crowded in the upper axils or racemose-verticillate, yellow, 8"-10" broad; pedicels 3"-10" long; sepals lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, acute or obtusish; corolla-segments glandular-ciliolate; filaments mona-delphous at the base.

Waste places, Nova Scotia to New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Adventive from Europe. June - July.

3. Lysimachia Quadrifˇlia L. Cross-Wort. Whorled Loosestrife

Fig. 3289

Lysimachia quadrifolia L. Sp. Pl. 147. 1753.

Pubescent, or glabrate, stem simple or rarely branched, slender, erect, 1°-3° high. Leaves verticillate in 3's-7's (commonly in 4's or 5's), or some, or very rarely all of them opposite, short-petioled or sessile, lanceolate, oblong or ovate, acute or acuminate at the apex, 1'-4' long, 3"-1 1/2' wide, usually black-punctate, the uppermost sometimes very small; flowers axillary, 3"-6" broad, borne on filiform spreading peduncles 1/2'-1/2' long; sepals narrowly lanceolate, acute or acuminate; corolla glabrous, dark-streaked or spotted; filaments monadelphous below; capsule nearly as long as the sepals.

In thickets, New Brunswick to Ontario. Minnesota. Tennessee, Georgia and Wisconsin. Five sisters. Yellow balm. Liberty-tea. June-Aug.

3 Lysimachia Quadrif Lia L Cross Wort Whorled Loos 1631

Lysimaehia prod¨cta (A. Gray) Fernald [L. foliosa Small] has characters intermediate between this species and the following, the flowers in leafy-bracted racemes, the leaves opposite or whorled, and may be a hybrid between them.

3 Lysimachia Quadrif Lia L Cross Wort Whorled Loos 1632

4. Lysimaehia TerrÚstris (L.) B.S.P. Bulb-Bearing Loosestrife

Fig. 3290

Viscum terrestre L. Sp. Pl. 1023. 1753. Lysimaehia stricta Ait. Hort. Kew. 1: 199. 1789. L. terrestris B.S.P. Prel. Cat. N. Y. 34. 1888.

Glabrous; stem erect, simple or branched, 8'-2° high, often bearing, after flowering, long bulblets (suppressed branches) in the axils. Leaves opposite or some of them rarely alternate, lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, acute or acuminate at both ends, short-petioled, or sessile, usually black-punctate, 1'-3' long, 2"-8" wide; flowers 3"-5" broad, in terminal bracted mostly elongated racemes; or some of them solitary or 2-3 together in the upper axils; pedicels slender or filiform, 5"-9" long; sepals ovate or lanceolate, acute; corolla rotate, deeply parted, yellow with purple streaks or dots; filaments monadelphous below, glandular; capsule about 1 1/2" in diameter, nearly as long as sepals.

In swamps and moist thickets, Newfoundland and Manitoba, south to Georgia and Arkansas. The plant sometimes produces no flowers, but bears bulblets freely in the axils in the autumn, and in this condition was mistaken by Linnaeus for a terrestrial mistletoe. Swamp-candles. July-Sept.

5. Lysimaehia NummulÓria L. Moneywort. Creeping Loosestrife

Fig. 3291

Lysimaehia Nummularia L. Sp. Pl. 148. 1753

Glabrous; stems creeping, sometimes 2° long, often rooting at the nodes. Leaves opposite, orbicular or broadly oval, obtuse at both ends or truncate or cordate at the base, manifestly petioled, ą-1' long, sparingly black-punctate; flowers solitary in the axils, 8"-12" broad; sepals cordate-ovate to lanceolate, acute, half as long as the rotate deeply 5-lobed yellow and dark-dotted corolla; filaments glandular, monadelphous at the base; capsule shorter than the sepals.

In moist places, Newfoundland to New Jersey. Virginia, Illinois and Michigan Naturalized from Europe. June-Aug. Lower leaves sometimes narrowed at the base. Creeping or wandering Jenny or Sally. Herb-twopence. Two-penny grass. Down-hill-of-life.

5 Lysimaehia Nummul Ria L Moneywort Creeping Loose 1633