Characters of the family, as given above. [Name in allusion to the elastically bursting pods.]

Besides the following species, 3 others occur in Western North America and two in Central America. Type species: Impatiens Noli-tangere L., an Old World plant with light yellow flowers, recorded as found in Ontario.

Flowers orange-yellow, mottled; spur incurved.


I. biflora.

Flowers pale yellow; spur short, spreading.


I. pallida.

Impatiens Biflōra Walt. Spotted Or Wild Touch-Me-Not. Silver-Leaf

Fig. 2685

Impatiens biflora Walt. Fl. Car. 219. 1788.

Impatiens fulva Nutt. Gen. 1: 146. 1818.

Annual, glabrous, 2°-5° high, branched, purplish. Leaves thin, ovate or elliptic, pale and glaucous beneath, 1 1/2'-3 1/2' long, generally obtuse, coarsely toothed, the teeth commonly mucronate; petioles slender, 4-4' long; peduncles axillary, 1/2'-1 1/2' long, 2-4-flowered; pedicels pendent, slender, bracted above the middle; bracts linear; flowers horizontal, orange-yellow, mottled with reddish-brown (rarely nearly white and not mottled), 9"-12" long; saccate sepal conic, longer than broad, contracted into a slender incurved spur of one-half its length, which is 2-toothed at the apex.

In moist grounds, Newfoundland to Saskatchewan, Florida and Nebraska. Spurs are occasionally developed on the 2 small exterior sepals, and spurless flowers have been observed. This and the next called balsam, jewel-weed. Speckled jewels. Silver-, slipper- or snap-weed. Ear-jewel. Ladies'-slipper, pocket- or ear-drop. Wild or brook-celandine. Solentine. Snap-dragon. Shining-grass. Cowslip. Weather-cock. Kicking-colt or -horses. Wild balsam. July-Oct.

Impatiens Nortónii Rydb., of western Missouri and Kansas, differs from 1. biflora in the larger and relatively longer and narrower saccate sepal, which tapers gradually into the shorter spur.

Impatiens Balsamina L.. with purple or white flowers, much cultivated, has been found in waste grounds in Pennsylvania. It is native of southern Asia.

Impatiens Bifl Ra Walt Spotted Or Wild Touch Me No 1027

2. Impatiens Pallida Nutt. Pale Touch-Me-Not

Fig. 2686

Impatiens pallida Nutt. Gen. 1: 146. 1818.

Impatiens aurea S. Wats. Bibl. Ind. 152, as a synonym. 1878. Not 1. aurea Muhl. 1813.

Similar to the preceding species, but larger and stouter. Flowers pale yellow, sparingly dotted with reddish-brown, or sometimes dot-less, I2"-I5" long; saccate sepal dilated-conic, about as broad as long, abruptly contracted into a short scarcely incurved notched spur, less than one-third its length; bracts of the pedicels lanceolate to ovate, acute.

In similar situations, most abundant northward. Nova Scotia to Saskatchewan, Georgia and Kansas, July-Sept. Snapweed. Balsam. Wild balsam or celandine. Silverweed. Slippers. Quick-in-the-hand. Jewelweed.

2 Impatiens Pallida Nutt Pale Touch Me Not 1028