12. Viburnum Lentago L. Nanny-Berry. Sheep- Or Sweet-Berry. Sweet Viburnum

Fig. 3968

Viburnum Lentago L. Sp. Pl. 268. 1753.

A shrub, or often a small tree, sometimes 300 high and with a trunk diameter of 10'. Winter buds acuminate, glabrous; leaves slender-petioled, ovate, mostly rounded at the base, acuminate at the apex, 2'-4' long, glabrous on both sides, or rarely a little pubescent beneath, sharply serrulate; petioles often broadened and wavy-margined, 9'-12" long; cyme sessile, several-rayed, 2'-s' broad; drupes oval to subglobose, bluish-black with a bloom, sweet and edible, 5"-6" long; stone very flat, circular or oval.

In rich soil, Quebec to Hudson Bay, Manitoba, New Jersey, along the Allegha-nies to Georgia, and to Indiana, Kansas and Colorado. Wood orange-brown, hard; weight 45 lbs. to the cubic foot. May-June. Fruit ripe in October. Nanny-bush. Black thorn or haw. Nanny-plum. Tea-plant (Wis.). Wild raisin.

13. Viburnum Prunifdlium L. Black Haw. Stag-Bush. Sloe

Fig. 3969

Viburnum prunifolium L. Sp. Pl. 268. 1753.

A shrub or small tree somewhat similar to the preceding species; but the winter buds smaller, less acute, often reddish-pubescent. Leaves shorter-petioled, ovate or broadly oval, obtuse or acutish but not acuminate at the apex, narrowed or rounded at the base, 1'-3' long, finely serrulate, glabrous or nearly so; petioles rarely margined; cyme sessile, several-rayed, 2'-4' broad; flowers expanding with the leaves or a little before them; drupe oval, bluish-black and glaucous, 4"-5" long; stone very flat on one side, slightly convex on the other, oval.

In dry soil, Connecticut to Georgia, west to Michigan, Kansas and Texas. Wood hard, reddish-brown; weight per cubic foot 52 lbs. April-June. Sheep- or nanny-berry. Fruit ripe in September, sweet and edible. A race, Viburnum prunifolium globosum Nash, has the drupe globose, about 3" in diameter, smaller; New Jersey and eastern Pennsylvania.

13 Viburnum Prunifdlium L Black Haw Stag Bush Sloe 64013 Viburnum Prunifdlium L Black Haw Stag Bush Sloe 641

14. Viburnum Rufidulum Raf. Southern Black Haw

Fig. 3970

Viburnum rufidulum Raf. Alsog. Am. 56. 1838. Viburnum prunifolium var. ferrugineum T. & G. Fl.

N. A. 2: 15. 1841. Not V. ferrugineum Raf. 1838. Viburnum rufotomentosum Small, Bull. Torr. Club 23: 410. 1896.

A small tree, becoming 200 high. Leaves elliptic to obovate, mostly obtuse at the apex, finely and sharply serrate or serrulate, narrowed or obtuse at the base, the veins brown-tomentose beneath; petioles 3"-8" long, winged, brown-tomentose; cymes large, sessile, or very short-peduncled, the principal rays 3-5, mostly 4; flowers 3"-3i" broad; drupe oval, 5"-7" long, blue with a bloom; seed nearly orbicular.

In woods and thickets, New Jersey to Missouri, Kansas, Florida and Texas. Ascends to 3500 ft. in Virginia. April-May. Fruit ripe Aug.-Sept.

Viburnum obovatum Walt., admitted into our first edition as recorded from Virginia, is not definitely known to range north of South Carolina.

15. Viburnum Lantana L. Wayfaring Tree

Fig. 3971

Viburnum Lantana L. Sp. Pl. 268. 1753.

A shrub, or small tree, sometimes 12 ft. high, widely branched, the winter-buds naked. Young twigs, buds and petioles densely stellate-tomentose. Leaves ovate to ovate-elliptic, serrulate, dark green and loosely stellate-pubescent or glabrous above, paler and more or less stel-late-tomentose beneath, 2'-4' long, rounded or acutish at the apex, subcordate at the base, the petioles stout and short; cymes short-stalked, stellate-tomentose, densely many-flowered, the flowers all alike, 3"-4" broad; drupe red, oval, 4"-S" long, its stone grooved.

Roadsides, escaped from cultivation in New England. Native of Europe and Asia. The naked winter-buds ally this species to V. alnifolium Marsh. May-July.

15 Viburnum Lantana L Wayfaring Tree 642