This is because in a town garden all the warm sun that can be had is useful. At b however, on the north side, a screen will be observed. This screen limits the view of the vegetable garden from the windows of the house. It can be formed of cordon apples, like a. and acts as shelter from the north to the plots south of it. You will note that the fruit-tree screen at e will cast shadow on a, and this will be good, for in the heat of summer you will be glad to have some little beds away from the sun, where you can raise seedlings or plant out things.
The next consideration will be whether the east or west sides of the four plots are too much exposed to wind. If they are, an espalier of either raspberries or gooseberries should be carried down the side, or, failing this, a few currant or gooseberry bushes put in at intervals will break the wind. As a rule, however, in town gardens, if there is a wall round the whole, the owner's lament will be for sunshine.
The width of the paths has next to be fixed. Should the ground be large enough ever to need the help of a donkey and cart for wheeling manure upon the ground, there must be considered not only the width necessary for the cart to run along the centre roadway, but also the fact that at the four corners room must be allowed in which to turn the cart. Probably, however,-there will be need only to allow for a lady gardener and a wheelbarrow, and so either 3 feet or 4 feet of width will be ample, and should space be limited, do not waste more than can be helped on paths.
The ideal path, both for a pleasing appearance and for practical work, would be red bricks placed in the ground to form a track in the centre for the wheelbarrow to run easily along. On either side of this have grass or ashes. We need not, however, here discuss what the paths are to be made of. as we are considering most the general outline. Certainly, however, red brickwork is ornamental and lasting.
At g endeavour to have a circular tank, surrounded by a 2-foot-high red brick wall. On this wall can be placed flower-pots, plain or ornamental in shape, with bright flowers growing in them - in Italian fashion. The tank will be handy to fill your water-barrow, and then convey it to whatever plot needs watering.
Should it not be possible to have either a cement tank, well, or pump at g, then sink an old bath or a second-hand galvanised cistern. It will not be round in shape, but the centre paths can easily be arranged to form a square instead of a circle, as shown in the plan. Should it be necessary to rely altogether upon rainwater for the supply, the builder should arrange that all the gutters on the house convey rain into one or more cisterns or empty paraffin tubs.
Have these standing immediately below the house, and, if it is decided to go to the expense of a 300-gallon cistern, have it so arranged that there is a tap in it by means of which a hose can be attached to convey the water supply to other parts. Or, if more cannot be spent upon the water supply, have a pipe attached to the cistern, and carry water through it to paraffin casks, which can be placed at various places down the sides of the path. This flow of water from cistern to other receptacles can be controlled by the tap attached to the cistern. Sometimes it may be desirable to keep all the water in the cistern, and not supply the other receptacles, whereas at other times the water that can be obtained may be needed at the more distant parts of the garden.
A digram showing how a garden such as that described in this article may be laid out