Examinations for these appointments do not take place at fixed intervals, but are held from time to time as vacancies occur. Candidates must be nominated by the Home Secretary. Applications for nominations and correspondence as to the appointment of inspectors of factories should be addressed to the private secretary to the Secretary of State, Home Office, London, from whom forms to be filled up by candidates may be obtained.

The salary commences at 200 a year, rising by 10 to 300, and sometimes to 400, but vacancies are few and far between.

Those applying for situations as women inspectors of factories have to take the following subjects: (a) Obligatory. - (1) English composition, (2) arithmetic. ' [b)

Optional. - (3) English literature, (4) English history, (5) general modern history, (6) German or French or Italian, (7) mathematics, (8) economics, including knowledge of the history of industry in modern times, (9) chemistry, (10) physics (including mechanics, (11) physiology and bacteriology. Candidates must satisfy the Civil Service Commissioners in three of the optional subjects, one at least from the subjects 3 to 6, and one at least from the subjects 7 to 11. Not more than four of the optional subjects may be offered. If for exceptional reasons the Secretary of State thinks fit, a candidate who has passed the examinations for an honours degree in a university of the United Kingdom may, at the discretion of the Civil Service Commissioners, be exempted

Woman's Work wholly or in pari from examination in the above-mentioned subjects.

The limits of age are twenty-five to forty, and inspectors on first appointment are subject to two years' probation. At or shortly before the end of that term they are required to pass a qualifying examination in (1) law relating to factories and workshops, and (2) sanitary science as applied to factories and workshops.

Examinations for these appointments do not take place at fixed intervals, but are dependent on the occurrence of vacancies.

Examination Syllabus

An interval of six weeks is usually allowed between the granting of a nomination by the Home Secretary and the examination. The following is a syllabus of the examination:

1. English Composition. Candidates may be tested by precis writing as well as by an essay.

2. Arithmetic. First four rules, simple and compound, including English and metrical weights and measures, reduction, vulgar fractions, and decimals (excluding recurring decimals), and the preparation of percentage and other tabular summaries.

3. English Literature. From Shakespeare to the death of Wordsworth.

4 and 5. English History, 1066 to 1880. General Modern History, 1519 to 1871. In papers set upon each of these three subjects a liberal allowance of questions will be allowed.

6. French, German, or Italian. Translation, composition, conversation.

7. Mathematics. The questions will be more on applications of the results than on the proofs of those results.

Algebra, Economics, and Chemistry

Algebra. Evaluation of formulae for numerical values, graphs, slope of a graph, and rate of increase of function represented, solution of equations by calculation and by graphs, indices, and logarithms. Geometry. The fixing of the position of a point (in a plane or space) by co-ordinate, the conditions to fix figures in shape, size, and positions (only rectilinear figures in shape). Properties of rectangular solid rectangle, parallelogram, triangle, sphere, circle, and other simple figures. Area of an irregular figure by squared paper or by approximate division in quadrilaterals or triangles, volume of irregular solid by first finding areas for a number of parallel sections. Similar figures, proportion to be treated algebraically, and all quantities to be considered measurable. Loci. Curves determined by various con-ditions - e.g., motion of a point of linkwork or conditions given by equations between co-ordinates. Projection of straight line plane figures, cylinder, cone, prism. Interpene-tration of these figures; sections projection of simple helix and square threaded screw. Trigonometry. The solution of triangles and allied problems.

8. Economics, including Knowledge of Industry in Modern Times. The economics of industry as treated in the ordinary text-book The history of the chief forms of modern industry, and the outlines of legislate affecting the working classes with special reference to the United Kingdom.

9. Chemistry (chiefly Inorganic). On this subject there will be (1) a written paper, and (2) an oral and practical examination. The latter will include, among other things, such qualitative and quantitative analysis as has a bearing upon the administration of the Factory Acts - e.g., the detection and estimation of lead, arsenic, mercury, and other poisonous metals used in manufactures, and the detection and estimation of carbonic acid, carbonic oxide, nitrous fumes, and other gas, vapours, and impurities in air, etc.

Further Subjects

10. Physics (including Mechanics). The fundamental principles of mechanics, heat, light, electricity, and magnetism, treated from the experimental standpoint. On this subject there will be (1) a written paper, and (2) a practical examination.

11. Physiology and Bacteriology. The general structure and arrangements of the body, the structure and chemical composition of blood; the structure of muscle, and the changes involved in muscular contraction; the circulation of the blood; the structure of the blood-vessels; the heart, its arrangement and mode of working; the movements of respiration, the classification of foods; the structure of the organs of digestion and their mode of working; the changes produced in the process of digestion; the paths of absorption of digested foods; the structure and function of the kidney; the structure and function of the skin; the regulation of the temperature of the body; the general structure of the nervous system and its more important functions; the general structure and mode of working of the organs of the senses; the physiological effects of fatigue. The methods of bacteriological investigation and analysis; the classification of micro-organisms; the conditions and manifestations of bacterial life; bacteria in disease; specific bacteria in infective lesions; anthrax, cholera, influenza, glanders, etc.; infection, contagion, and predisposition; immunity, natural, acquired, and inherited; putrefac-tion and decomposition; antiseptics and disinfectants; the prevention of infections.

Practical Work

Candidates should have a practical acquaintance with the preparation and examination of histological specimens, the chemical examination of blood, the investigation of the process of digestion, and the performance of experiments to illustrate the fundamental processes involved in inoculation and artificial cultivation of micro-organisms; the methods of detecting and straining bacteria in fluids and tissues; the methods of examining filters.