Author of " Every Way of Earning a Living," " Our Sons and Daughters," etc.

The Qualifications Necessary for those who Aspire to Become Typists in Government Offices - The Nature of the Examination - Where Typists are Employed - Factory Inspectorships - Attractive and

Remunerative Positions

For situations as female typists in Government departments the following are the subjects of examination which candidates must pass:

(1) Writing, (2) spelling, (3) English composition, (4) copying manuscript, (5) arithmetic (first four rules, simple and compound, including English weights and measures, and reduction), (6) typewriting; and, if required by the department by which the candidate has been nominated, (7) shorthand.

The limits of age are eighteen to thirty on the day of examination, examinations being held from time to time as candidates are nominated to fill vacancies. The right of nomination is usually vested in the head of the department in which the vacancy exists.


For situations as female typist and shorthand-writer in post-offices in Edinburgh, Dublin, and certain of the larger provincial towns, an official nomination by the Postmaster-general is necessary, and examinations are held from time to time as candidates are nominated to fill vacancies.

All candidates are required to satisfy the Civil Service Commissioners that they are

(a) unmarried or widows, (b) duly qualified in respect of health and character, (c) natural born or naturalised British subjects, and they must be at least five feet in height without boots or shoes.

All candidates must qualify in the following subjects of examination:

(1) Writing, (2) spelling, (3) English composition, (4) copying manuscript, (5) arithmetic (first four rules, simple and compound, including English weights and measures and reduction), (6) typewriting.

Examinations And Rules

The limits of age are seventeen to twenty-one, with the provision that candidates will be eligible as to age for appointment, provided they have served continuously in the public service from a time at which they were within the limits of age then, or at any time since, prescribed for the situation to which it is proposed that they should be appointed.

The following form regarding handwriting, typing, and shorthand applies to both the foregoing examinations.

For handwriting the Civil Service Commissioners require that: (1) Each letter and

Woman's Work each figure shall be clearly and completely formed, so as to avoid the possibility of one letter or figure being mistaken for another, and the slope from the vertical should be even, and not exceed thirty degrees. (2) The characters should be of even and moderate size. The projection of capitals and of long letters above and below the line should not be more than one and a half times the length of the short letters. Flourishes and superfluous strokes should be avoided. (3) There should be moderate and even spaces between the letters in a word, and also between the words in a sentence. The letters in a word should be united by strokes, the words in a sentence should be unconnected by strokes. (4) The writing should be in straight lines running parallel with the top of the page. The intervals between lines should be even and sufficient to prevent the intersection of loops and tails. (5) The whole of the passage set should be copied; failure to do so will entail serious deductions. In -accordance with the principles and rules above set forth the Commissioners will judge each specimen on its merits, but will not otherwise accord preference to any particular style of handwriting. With regard to typewriting, candidates are at liberty to use machines provided by the Civil Service Commissioners, or to bring their own with them to the examination room, the machines in either case to be of the size that takes foolscap paper. The Commissioners provide Bar-lock, Hammond, Oliver, Remington; Smith-premier, Underwood, and Yost machines, and shortly before the examination each candidate who has been duly nominated is asked to name the particular pattern of machine which she wishes to use. In general, candidates are required to copy two documents - a straightforward passage and a tabular statement. Before beginning they are allowed a period of about fifteen minutes to practise with the typewriter, and at the end of the time devoted to straightforward work they will be allowed to use pen and ink for five minutes for the purpose of making any manuscript corrections they think necessary in their work.

In estimating the value of a candidate's work regard is paid to the following points:

(1) Speed: candidates will be expected to typewrite at the rate of 1,000 words per hour; but no credit will be given for typing at a greater speed than 1,600 words an hour.

(2) Accuracy of transcription, including exactness in reproducing such capital letters, marks of punctuation, etc., as may appear in the document to be copied.

(3) Accuracy in observing and following as nearly as possible such spaces at the commencement of paragraphs, and intervals between paragraphs or lines, etc., as may appear in the document to be copied.

(4) General neatness of execution.

As to shorthand, persons presented for a certificate as typist, and required to take shorthand, will be expected to take down passages read at speeds of 60, 70, and 80 words per minute; while persons serving as typists with a certificate of the Civil Service Commissioners who are presented for examination for the purpose of being graded as shorthand-writer-typists will be expected to take down passages read at speeds of 60, 80, and 100 words per minute.

Where Typists are Employed

The following is a list of some of the departments which employ female typists: Board of Agriculture and Fisheries (England), Board of Education (England), Department of Agriculture, etc. (Ireland), Colonial Office, Customs, Foreign Office, General Register Office (England), General Valuation Office (Ireland), India Office, Inland Revenue, Local Government Board (England), Local Government Board (Scotland), Office of the Secretary for Scotland, Office of Works, etc., Principal Probate Registry, Public Works Office (Ireland), Scotch Education Department, Stationery Office, Treasury, and War Office (including Royal Army Clothing Depot).

Situations as typists in the General Post Office, London, are filled by means of open competitive examination under special regulations, which will be furnished on application to the Secretary, Civil Service Commissioners.