Photo, Elliott & Fry

Anglicans can hold their own and yet respect the Free Churchman, as Free Churchmen can hold their own and respect Anglicans. Respect for opponents is necessary for the development of truth, and children who never hesitate to say what they are,who carry openly their badge, and respect their companions who are equally brave and open, are helping in the Church.

3. Children can help in the Church by giving and getting gifts to support its activities at home and in the mission-field. All organisations need money, and the Church needs money for its buildings, for its officers, and for its enterprises. The need is manifest, and anyone who is concerned that justice shall supplant injustice, and the ways of peace be substituted for the ways of strife, must recognise the duty of supporting the organisation.

Children Cannot Preach

The use to which the money is applied may not always be wise, and the Church may be in great need of reform, but this is a matter which concerns, and ought to occupy, grownup men and women. It is enough for the children that the organisation is necessary, and that they by gifts can help in its support. Children cannot with advantage be " preachers," and they cannot be sent out to teach their elders or other children without danger to those qualities which led our Lord to set children as the examples of the greatest in the Kingdom of Heaven. 'ministering children" become conscious of their superiority, and are apt to lose the spirit of Christ, and are hardly a help in a Church whose object is the increase of righteousness in Christ's spirit, of meekness and lowliness.

A Real Danger

Children easily become "patronisers," often making pets of animals because they can order them about; and if they are what is called interested in the poor or the sinful, they are apt to come to think too highly of themselves. The fashion of establishing missions in schools has its drawbacks. The children may come to think they are better than the poor, and, taking too early the sacrament of charity, may take it in vain.

Children will be, I think, more help in the Church if they give for its support as a whole. It is not for them to give their favour to any department, to pick and choose the objects of their benevolence, to be set up in their own minds as good and to receive thanks.

Respect for the Church

It is enough for them, as children, in whom it is before all things necessary that the child spirit be kept unsullied, that they look up humbly to the Church, and count themselves privileged when, by their gifts, they may help in strengthening it for its great object. The reason why the work of good men has so often done harm, and why gifts so often demoralise, is the sense of superiority in the giver, and children by their lowly gifts will not only help in the Church by such gifts, but become the parents of men and women whose charity will expect nothing in return.

4. Children, however, will be most helpful in the Church when, as professed members, they are known for their truthfulness, their purity, and their meekness. The Church has suffered more from the conduct of Christians than from the attacks of enemies. The members of a Church who are keen for its symbols and generous givers in its support are not such helpers as they who in their daily acts manifest humility, generosity, justice, and truth.

The Christian Heart

If only they who call themselves Christians acted as Christians, the solution of the social problem would be easy, and the victory of the Church over the world would be certain. Many Christians have felt, perhaps, too great concern for the success of the external side, and people have been regarded as the greatest helpers who have induced others to wear the symbols and adopt the phase of their Church. The best missionaries have not been those who have baptised most converts.

The success so attained is often hollow, and is secured by means which so lower the character of the righteousness and meekness for which the Church exists, that Church people have not always the best reputation for justice or fairness or straight speaking and dealing. The surer way to success is by the emphasis of the internal life which the externals are designed to protect, and those people do most in the Church who by their actions induce others to respect the moral and spiritual qualities which belong to their profession.

Children will help in the Church if, as members, they are seen to care for truth, to do justice at their own loss, to be generous to other needs, and humble in the assertion of their own rights. They will do this all the more simply if they act as if they were bound as members of the Church so to act; if, being just and true and generous, they, when they are challenged, say, "How otherwise?" And if, being meek and lowly, they say, "Must we not do as Christ did? "

The outside world, taking note of such conduct, would rapidly give honour to the Church whose members are so good.

The Power of Organisation

Children may, I think, in these four ways help in the Church. There are two great forces which go to success - the force of organisation and the force of personality. Organisation, as we are seeing in this generation, is all-powerful in trade and in war; personality, as history tells us, has made itself felt in world movements. The two forces have often been rivals, but each has failed by itself. Organisation without personality is liable to become hard, and personality without organisation is liable to waste itself. The ideal is an organisation which is strong because of its personalities, and of personalities which are strong because of association.

The Value of Personality

The organisation of the Church must, then, be complete in all its departments; it must be reformed and adapted in accord with modern knowledge, and meet modern needs, but it must allow room for the play of personalities and derive its motive power from their activities. Among the personalities who help in the Church are those of children, and the point of this article is that children must act as children, and not as little men and women, who copy the acts of grown people. They must, that is to say, be trustful of the Church's orders and not critical; they must be lowly and without thought of superiority over any human being, rich or poor, white or coloured; they must be fearless and not doubtful as to the lightness of their cause; they must be ready for friendship and not suspicious. Children who help in the Church should manifest those qualities which belong to them as children, and the ways I have suggested show how this is possible.