Bursars, under the Board's regulations, are girls recommended by the local education authority who intend to become elementary school-teachers, and who are attending full time at a recognised secondary school and require financial assistance in order to continue their education. It will be noticed that the chief distinction between a pupil-teacher and a bursar is that, while a pupil-teacher divides her time between being taught in a centre and teaching in a public elementary school, a bursar does not, during her year of recognition, do any teaching in an elementary school, but spends the whole year being taught at a secondary school; her practical experience in the art of teaching comes later on. When once an intending teacher has been a bursar for a year she cannot be recognised as a pupil-teacher, but, unless she stays on at school, goes to a training college or becomes a student-teacher, as described later on. Similarly a pupil-teacher cannot become a bursar.
A bursar will be recognised for one year, beginning from August 1st.
The following are the conditions of the recognition of a bursar:
The candidate must be over sixteen, but not over eighteen, at the close of July 31 previous to the period of recognition, and must have been educated for the three previous years in a recognised secondary school.
The candidate must satisfy the same conditions as are prescribed for pupil-teachers, and must be reported by the headmaster of the secondary school as not unsuitable to be a teacher.
If the candidate has not already passed an examination qualifying her for admission to a training college, the headmaster of her secondary school must certify that she is reasonably likely to pass during the year.
During her year of recognition the bursar continues in her previous secondary school as an ordinary pupil, the only difference being that, if she has not already qualified for admission to a training college, she has to prepare for the necessary examination. She pays no fees during the year, and in some cases will receive a maintenance and travelling allowance.
Bursars who have not passed their leaving examination before the end of their period of recognition as such must do so within the following year. They may during that year stay on at their secondary schools.
When she leaves the secondary school the bursar either becomes a student at a training college or a student-teacher, and, unless she has spent at least a year in one of these two capacities, she cannot become an uncertificated teacher. Bursars, and other candidates who have been educated for three years at a recognised secondary school, may be admitted to training colleges if they are over seventeen on August i in the year of admission.
A student-teacher is a young person who is recommended by a local education authority for approval by the Board as part of the staff of a public elementary school, and who either has been a bursar recognised by the Board, or, if not a bursar, has regularly attended a recognised secondary school for three years. She now, on becoming a student-teacher, gets an opportunity of actual experience in teaching in an elementary school, receiving a salary.
A student-teacher is recognised for one year, which the Board may allow to be extended to two.
In the case of a candidate who has not been a bursar, in addition to the requirement of having been three years in a secondary school, the following are the conditions of recognition of a student-teacher:
She must be over seventeen at the close of July 31 immediately preceding the period of recognition.
She must have passed an examination qualifying her for admission to a training college.
She must satisfy the same conditions as are prescribed for pupil - teachers, must produce a certificate as to her fitness to become a teacher, signed by the headmaster of the secondary school, and must make a declaration that she desires to become a teacher in a public elementary school.
During the period of recognition a student-teacher, besides teaching in an elementary school, must receive further general education, and must make herself acquainted with the art of teaching under the supervision of the head teacher. She may not enter for any examination during the year of student-teachership without the express approval of the Board obtained beforehand. At the end of the period the student-teacher is qualified either for admission to a training college or for recognition as an uncertificated teacher.
Persons desiring admission to training colleges must satisfy the requisite conditions as to physical fitness, age, and educational qualifications. Those who have been recognised as bursars, or have been educated for three years at a recognised secondary school, may be admitted if they are over seventeen on August 1 in the year of admission; other candidates must be over eighteen on the same date. Persons who have passed the preliminary examination for the elementary school-teachers' certificate or one or the other of certain stipulated examinations, are eligible for admission to a training college for a two years' course of training. Success in one of these examinations does not, however, entitle a person to claim admission to a training college. Persons may also be admitted to certain colleges, under special conditions, for a three years' course of training, and, under certain circumstances, students who have been trained for two years may be allowed a third year of training. Certificated teachers may also be admitted for one year, and persons who have passed the final examination for a university degree, or one of the other examinations specified, are also eligible for admission for a one year's course of training. Candidates may also be admitted as private students for courses of any of these types or for special courses of study. No grant is paid in respect of private students, not are they required to sign the undertaking as to service.
A qualifying examination is accepted if passed during the two years and six months preceding August 1 in the year of admission.
A great part of the cost of the training is defrayed out of Government grants, but, as a rule, a small fee, averaging about £10 to £12 a year, is charged to the students by the authorities of the colleges. A list of recognised training colleges may be obtained from the Board of-education.
Candidates who are qualified by examination for admission into a training college, and wish to enter a particular college, should communicate with the principal of the college, from whom they will be able to obtain information as to the conditions of admission to the particular college, the date of application, the fees, medical examination, etc. An undertaking must be entered into by the candidate, the general effect of which is that the student binds herself, in return for the grants paid for her training, to complete the course of training and thereafter to teach, for five years, in an elementary school or in a secondary school, pupil-teacher centre, or training college in respect of which grants are paid under the Board's regulations. Failing the completion of such service, the student binds herself to repay to the Board the cost of her training, with such deductions as may be allowed in respect of any service which she has actually completed.